The Sport Concussion Education Project. A brief report on an educational initiative: from concept to curriculum

Special article

View More View Less
  • 1 Elliott Sports Medicine Clinic and
  • | 4 Halton District Board of Education, Burlington; Schools of
  • | 2 Health Studies,
  • | 3 Occupational Therapy, and
  • | 12 Physical Therapy and
  • | 11 Fowler Kennedy Sports Medicine Clinic, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada;
  • | 5 Departments of Psychiatry and
  • | 9 Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School;
  • | 8 Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston;
  • | 10 VA Boston Healthcare System, Brockton, Massachusetts;
  • | 7 School of Medicine Library, Indiana University, Indianapolis, Indiana; and
  • | 6 Institute for Clinical Radiology, Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich, Germany
Restricted access

Purchase Now

USD  $45.00

JNS + Pediatrics - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $515.00

JNS + Pediatrics + Spine - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $612.00
Print or Print + Online

Current research on concussion is primarily focused on injury identification and treatment. Prevention initiatives are, however, important for reducing the incidence of brain injury. This report examines the development and implementation of an interactive electronic teaching program (an e-module) that is designed specifically for concussion education within an adolescent population. This learning tool and the accompanying consolidation rubric demonstrate that significant engagement occurs in addition to the knowledge gained among participants when it is used in a school curriculum setting.

Abbreviations used in this paper:

CDC = Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; HCEP = Hockey Concussion Education Project; TBI = traumatic brain injury.

JNS + Pediatrics - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $515.00

JNS + Pediatrics + Spine - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $612.00
  • 1

    Bonk C, & Zhang K: Introducing the R2D2 Model: Online learning for the diverse learners of this world. Distance Educ 27:249264, 2006

  • 2

    Bramley H, , Patrick K, , Lehman E, & Silvis M: High school soccer players with concussion education are more likely to notify their coach of a suspected concussion. Clin Pediatr (Phila) 51:332336, 2012

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3

    Burke MJ, , Chundamala J, & Tator CH: Deficiencies in concussion education in Canadian medical schools. Can J Neurol Sci 39:763766, 2012

  • 4

    Chrisman SP, , Quitiquit C, & Rivara FP: Qualitative study of barriers to concussive symptom reporting in high school athletics. J Adolesc Health 52:330335.e3, 2013

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5

    Ciavarro C, , Dobson M, & Goodman D: Implicit learning as a design strategy for learning games: Alert Hockey. Comput Human Behav 24:28622872, 2008

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    Cusimano MD: Canadian minor hockey participants' knowledge about concussion. Can J Neurol Sci 36:315320, 2009

  • 7

    Cusimano MD, , Chipman M, , Donnelly P, & Hutchison MG: Effectiveness of an educational video on concussion knowledge in minor league hockey players: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Br J Sports Med 48:141146, 2014

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8

    De Beaumont L, , Lassonde M, , Leclerc S, & Théoret H: Longterm and cumulative effects of sports concussion on motor cortex inhibition. Neurosurgery 61:329337, 2007

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9

    De Beaumont L, , Théoret H, , Mongeon D, , Messier J, , Leclerc S, & Tremblay S, et al.: Brain function decline in healthy retired athletes who sustained their last sports concussion in early adulthood. Brain 132:695708, 2009

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10

    Delaney JS, , Lacroix VJ, , Leclerc S, & Johnston KM: Concussions during the 1997 Canadian Football League season. Clin J Sport Med 10:914, 2000

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11

    Echlin PS: Concussion education, identification, and treatment within a prospective study of physician-observed junior ice hockey concussions: social context of this scientific intervention. Neurosurg Focus 29:5 E7, 2010

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12

    Echlin PS: Editorial. A prospective study of physician-observed concussion during a varsity university ice hockey season. Part 1 of 4. Neurosurg Focus 33:6 E1, 2012

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13

    Echlin PS, , Johnson AM, , Riverin S, , Tator CH, , Cantu RC, & Cusimano MD, et al.: A prospective study of concussion education in 2 junior ice hockey teams: implications for sports concussion education. Neurosurg Focus 29:5 E6, 2010

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14

    Echlin PS, , Skopelja EN, , Worsley R, , Dadachanji SB, , Lloyd-Smith DR, & Taunton JA, et al.: A prospective study of physicianobserved concussion during a varsity university ice hockey season: incidence and neuropsychological changes. Part 2 of 4. Neurosurg Focus 33:6 E2, 2012

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15

    Echlin PS, , Tator CH, , Cusimano MD, , Cantu RC, , Taunton JE, & Upshur REG, et al.: A prospective study of physician-observed concussions during junior ice hockey: implications for incidence rates. Neurosurg Focus 29:5 E4, 2010. [Erratum in Neurosurg Focus 29(5): erratum, 2010]

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16

    Faul M, , Xu L, , Wald MM, & Coronado VG: Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, and Deaths 2002–2006 Atlanta, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2010. (http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/pdf/blue_book.pdf)[Accessed August 28, 2014]

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17

    Faure C: Creating concussion management policy: how school leaders, coaches and parents can work together to ensure kids stay safer in sport. Am Secondary Educ 39:514, 2010

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18

    Faure CE, & Pemberton CLA: An examination of Idaho high school football coaches' general understanding of concussion. The Sport Journal Jan 12 2011. (http://thesportjournal.org/article/an-examination-of-idaho-high-school-football-coaches-general-understanding-of-concussion/)[Accessed August 28, 2014]

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19

    Gioia GA, , Schneider JC, , Vaughan CG, & Isquith PK: Which symptom assessments and approaches are uniquely appropriate for paediatric concussion?. Br J Sports Med 43:Suppl 1 i13i22, 2009

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20

    Graham ID, , Logan J, , Harrison MB, , Straus SE, , Tetroe J, & Caswell W, et al.: Lost in knowledge translation: time for a map?. J Contin Educ Health Prof 26:1324, 2006

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21

    Guerriero RM, , Proctor MR, , Mannix R, & Meehan WP III: Epidemiology, trends, assessment and management of sportrelated concussion in United States high schools. Curr Opin Pediatr 24:696701, 2012

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22

    Guskiewicz KM, , Marshall SW, , Bailes J, , McCrea M, , Cantu RC, & Randolph C, et al.: Association between recurrent concussion and late-life cognitive impairment in retired professional football players. Neurosurgery 57:719726, 2005

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23

    Guskiewicz KM, , Marshall SW, , Bailes J, , McCrea M, , Harding HP Jr, & Matthews A, et al.: Recurrent concussion and risk of depression in retired professional football players. Med Sci Sports Exerc 39:903909, 2007

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24

    Kaut KP, , DePompei R, , Kerr J, & Congeni J: Reports of head injury and symptom knowledge among college athletes: implications for assessment and educational intervention. Clin J Sport Med 13:213221, 2003

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25

    Langlois JA, , Rutland-Brown W, & Wald MM: The epidemiology and impact of traumatic brain injury: a brief overview. J Head Trauma Rehabil 21:375378, 2006

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26

    Lincoln AE, , Caswell SV, , Almquist JL, , Dunn RE, , Norris JB, & Hinton RY: Trends in concussion incidence in high school sports: a prospective 11-year study. Am J Sports Med 39:958963, 2011

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27

    McCrea M, , Hammeke T, , Olsen G, , Leo P, & Guskiewicz K: Unreported concussion in high school football players: implications for prevention. Clin J Sport Med 14:1317, 2004

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28

    McCrory P, , Meeuwisse WH, , Aubry M, , Cantu B, , Dvorák J, & Echemendia RJ, et al.: Consensus statement on concussion in sport: the 4th International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2012. Br J Sports Med 47:250258, 2013

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29

    McKee AC, , Cantu RC, , Nowinski CJ, , Hedley-Whyte ET, , Gavett BE, & Budson AE, et al.: Chronic traumatic encephalopathy in athletes: progressive tauopathy after repetitive head injury. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 68:709735, 2009

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30

    McKinlay A, , Bishop A, & McLellan T: Public knowledge of 'concussion' and the different terminology used to communicate about mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Brain Inj 25:761766, 2011

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 31

    Moser RS, , Schatz P, & Jordan BD: Prolonged effects of concussion in high school athletes. Neurosurgery 57:300306, 2005

  • 32

    National Center for Injury Prevention Control: Report to Congress on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in the United States: Steps to Prevent a Serious Public Health Problem Atlanta, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2003. (http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/pub-res/mtbi/mtbireport.pdf)[Accessed August 28, 2014]

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 33

    Provvidenza C, , Engebretsen L, , Tator C, , Kissick J, , McCrory P, & Sills A, et al.: From consensus to action: knowledge transfer, education and influencing policy on sports concussion. Br J Sports Med 47:332338, 2013

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 34

    Provvidenza CF, & Johnston KM: Knowledge transfer principles as applied to sport concussion education. Br J Sports Med 43:Suppl 1 i68i75, 2009

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 35

    Sarmiento K, , Mitchko J, , Klein C, & Wong S: Evaluation of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's concussion initiative for high school coaches: “Heads Up: Concussion in High School Sports”. J Sch Health 80:112118, 2010

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 36

    Saunders EA, , Burdette GT, , Metzler JN, , Joyner AB, & Buckley TA: Knowledge of coaching education students regarding sport-related concussions. Athletic Training & Sports Health Care 5:175183, 2013

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 37

    Sawyer RJ, , Hamdallah M, , White D, , Pruzan M, , Mitchko J, & Huitric M: High school coaches' assessments, intentions to use, and use of a concussion prevention toolkit: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's heads up: concussion in high school sports. Health Promot Pract 11:3443, 2010

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 38

    Schwarzer R, , Lippke S, & Luszczynska A: Mechanisms of health behavior change in persons with chronic illness or disability: the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA). Rehabil Psychol 56:161170, 2011

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 777 228 33
Full Text Views 404 6 3
PDF Downloads 214 7 4
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0