George W. Smith, M.D. (1916–1964)

Historical vignette

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  • Department of Neurosurgery, Medical College of Georgia, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, Georgia
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Dr. George W. Smith is credited with developing the Smith-Robinson procedure, the automatic drill, the vessel-encircling aneurysm clip, and treatment of tic douloureux with stilbamidine. His contributions to neurosurgery were unfortunately truncated by his untimely death. This article highlights his career and his contributions.

JNS + Pediatrics - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $515.00

JNS + Pediatrics + Spine - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $612.00
  • 1

    Alleyne CH, & Allen MB: Historical vignette. George W. Smith, M.D. – First head of neurosurgery at MCG. Medical College of Georgia Neuroscience Outlook 1:3 6, 2005

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  • 2

    Bailey RW, & Badgley CE: Stabilization of the cervical spine by anterior fusion. J Bone Joint Surg Am 42-A:565594, 1960

  • 3

    Baker JW, inventor: Cranial perforator. US patent 460,000. January 31, 1984

  • 4

    Cloward RB: The anterior approach for removal of ruptured cervical disks. J Neurosurg 15:602617, 1958

  • 5

    Dandy WE: Intracranial aneurysm of the internal carotid artery: cured by operation. Ann Surg 107:654659, 1938

  • 6

    De Martel T: Un point technique operatoire dans la craniectomie. Revista Neurocirugia 5:1909. (unverified)

  • 7

    Dereymaker A, & Mulier J: Nouvelle cure chirurgicale des discopathies cervicales. La ménisectomie par voie ventrale, suivie d'arthrodèses par greffe intercorporéale. Neurochirurgie 2:233234, 1956

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  • 8

    Dereymaeker A, & Mulier J: [Vertebral fusion by a ventral approach in cervical intervertebral disk disorders.]. Rev Neurol (Paris) 99:597616, 1958. (Fr)

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  • 9

    Eboli P, , Stone JL, , Aydin S, & Slavin KV: Historical characterization of trigeminal neuralgia. Neurosurgery 64:11831187, 2009

  • 10

    Fox JL: Vascular clips for the microsurgical treatment of stroke. Stroke 7:489500, 1976

  • 11

    Gosselin NJ, McKinney WW, inventors: Quick release coupling for a dissecting tool. US patent 5,505,737. July 1, 1994

  • 12

    Mostofi SB: Who's Who in Orthopedics London, Springer-Verlag, 2005

  • 13

    Pait TG, , Dennis MW, , Laws ER Jr, , Rizzoli HV, & Azzam CJ: The history of the neurosurgical engine. Neurosurgery 28:111129, 1991

  • 14

    Robinson RA, & Smith GW: Anterolateral cervical disc removal and interbody fusion for cervical disc syndrome. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp 95:223224, 1955

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  • 15

    Smith GW: An automatic drill for craniotomy. J Neurosurg 7:285286, 1950

  • 16

    Smith GW: [Differential diagnosis & treatment of facial pain.]. Resen Clin Cient 27:4348, 1958. (Portuguese)

  • 17

    Smith GW, inventor: Automatic drill. US patent 2,842,131. July 8, 1958

  • 18

    Smith GW, & Miller JM: A further report on the treatment of tic douloureux with stilbamidine. J Med Assoc Ga 46:209, 1957

  • 19

    Smith GW, & Miller JM: The relief of tic douloureux with stilbamidine. Ann Intern Med 38:335338, 1953

  • 20

    Smith GW, & Miller JM: The treatment of tic douloureux with stilbamidine. Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp 96:146149, 1955

  • 21

    Smith GW, & Robinson RA: The treatment of certain cervical-spine disorders by anterior removal of the intervertebral disc and interbody fusion. J Bone Joint Surg Am 40-A:607624, 1958

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  • 22

    van Alphen HA, , Laws ER, , Takakura K, , Mendez J, , El Gindi S, & Simpson-Noel Dan D: Relationship between the regional neurosurgical societies and the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies 2009. (http://www.wfns.org/filebin/history/Chapter4.pdf) [Accessed July 12, 2012]

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  • 23

    Wilkins R, & Wilkins GK: Neurosurgical Classics II Rolling Meadows, IL, American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 2000

  • 24

    Wiltse LL: The Adult Spine: Principles and Practice ed 2 New York, Raven Press, 1997. 1:

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