Spindle cell hemangioendothelioma of the sacrum

Case report

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  • 1 George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences; and 
  • | 2 Departments of Neurological Surgery and
  • | 3 Orthopedic Surgery, The George Washington University Hospital, Washington, DC
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Spindle cell hemangioendothelioma is a rare benign vascular tumor that is not known to involve the sacrum. The authors describe the case of a 31-year-old woman presenting with low-back and radicular pain without weakness or bowel or bladder dysfunction. Admission CT and MRI studies revealed a large S1–3 lytic sacral lesion. The patient initially underwent a nondiagnostic percutaneous biopsy. She subsequently underwent an open biopsy, during which the lesion was found to be highly vascular. Histological investigation revealed a vasoformative lesion consistent with spindle cell hemangioendothelioma. Preoperative embolization followed by resection via intralesional currettage resulted in resolution of symptoms up to 9 months postintervention. Despite the authors' recommendation, the patient became pregnant at that time and requested no additional follow-up imaging. The authors present the first reported case of a spindle cell hemangioendothelioma of the sacrum and review the current literature.

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