One hundred years of neurosurgery at the Medical College of Virginia/Virginia Commonwealth University (1919–2019)

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The Department of Neurosurgery at the Medical College of Virginia/Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) celebrates its 100th anniversary in 2019. It was founded by C. C. Coleman, who directed the US Army School of Brain Surgery during World War I and was one of the original members of the Society of Neurological Surgeons. Coleman began a residency program that was among the first four such programs in the United States and that produced such prominent graduates as Frank Mayfield, Gayle Crutchfield, and John Meredith. Neurosurgery at VCU later became a division under the medical school’s surgery department. Division chairs included William Collins and Donald Becker. It was during the Becker years that VCU became a leading National Institutes of Health–funded neurotrauma research center. Harold Young oversaw the transition from division to department and expanded the practice base of the program. In 2015, Alex Valadka assumed leadership and established international collaborations for research and education. In its first 100 years, VCU Neurosurgery has distinguished itself as an innovator in clinical research and an incubator of compassionate and service-oriented physicians.

ABBREVIATIONS ICP = intracranial pressure; MCV = Medical College of Virginia; UVA = University of Virginia; VCU = Virginia Commonwealth University.
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Contributor Notes

Correspondence Alex B. Valadka: Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, VA. avaladka@gmail.com.INCLUDE WHEN CITING Published online November 1, 2019; DOI: 10.3171/2019.8.JNS183464.Disclosures The authors report no conflict of interest concerning the materials or methods used in this study or the findings specified in this paper.
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