Charles E. Locke Jr. (1895–1929): the founder of neurosurgery at the Cleveland Clinic

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The Cleveland Clinic was established in 1921 under the direction of 4 experienced and iconic physicians: George Crile, Frank Bunts, William Lower, and John Phillips. The Clinic initially employed a staff of only 6 surgeons, 4 internists, 1 radiologist, and 1 biophysicist, but Crile was quick to realize the need for broadening its scope of practice. He asked his close friend, Harvey Cushing, for assistance in finding a suitable candidate to establish a department of neurosurgery at the Cleveland Clinic. With his full endorsement, Cushing recommended Dr. Charles Edward Locke Jr., a former student and burgeoning star in the field of neurosurgery. Unfortunately, Locke’s life and career both ended prematurely in the Cleveland Clinic fire of 1929, but not before he would leave a lasting legacy, both at the Cleveland Clinic and in the field of neurosurgery.

ABBREVIATIONS UCSF = University of California, San Francisco.
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Correspondence Pranay Soni: Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH. sonip@ccf.org.INCLUDE WHEN CITING Published online January 18, 2019; DOI: 10.3171/2018.9.JNS172593.Disclosures The authors report no conflict of interest concerning the materials or methods used in this study or the findings specified in this paper.
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