Functional topography of the low postcentral area

Warren Boling M.D.1, David C. Reutens M.D.1, and André Olivier M.D., Ph.D.1
View More View Less
  • 1 Montreal Neurological Institute and McConnell Brain Imaging Centre, Montreal, Canada; and Austin Repatriation Medical Centre, Melbourne, Australia
Restricted access

Purchase Now

USD  $45.00

JNS + Pediatrics - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $515.00

JNS + Pediatrics + Spine - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $612.00
USD  $45.00
USD  $515.00
USD  $612.00
Print or Print + Online Sign in

Object. The goal of this study was to establish a reliable method for identification of face and tongue sensory function in the lower central area.

Methods. All positron emission tomography (PET) clinical activation studies performed over a 3-year period at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital were evaluated by coregistering the PET images with three-dimensional reconstructions of magnetic resonance images obtained in the same patients. In addition to stereotactic coordinates and measurements based on distance from the sylvian fissure, gyral and sulcal landmarks were analyzed to determine their reliability in localizing the sensory areas of the tongue and lower face.

The convolutional anatomy of the central area is an important guide to the identification of function. The sensory area of the tongue is recognized as a triangular region at the base of the postcentral gyrus; the sensory area of the lower face resides in the narrowed portion of the postcentral gyrus, immediately above the tongue area.

Conclusions. Cortical landmarks such as the substrata of tongue and face sensory impressions are more reliable guides than stereotactic coordinates or measurements for localizing function.

JNS + Pediatrics - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $515.00

JNS + Pediatrics + Spine - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $612.00
USD  $515.00
USD  $612.00
  • 1.

    Asanuma H, & Rosén I: Topographical organization of cortical efferent zones projecting to distal forelimb muscles in the monkey. Exp Brain Res 14:243256, 1972 Asanuma H, Rosén I: Topographical organization of cortical efferent zones projecting to distal forelimb muscles in the monkey. Exp Brain Res 14:243–256, 1972

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2.

    Bittar RG, , Olivier A, & Sadikot AF, et al: Localization of somatosensory function by using positron emission tomography scanning: a comparison with intraoperative cortical stimulation. J Neurosurg 90:478483, 1999 Bittar RG, Olivier A, Sadikot AF, et al: Localization of somatosensory function by using positron emission tomography scanning: a comparison with intraoperative cortical stimulation. J Neurosurg 90:478–483, 1999

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3.

    Boling W, , Olivier A, & Bittar RG, et al: Localization of hand motor activation in Broca's pli de passage moyen. J Neurosurg 91:903910, 1999 Boling W, Olivier A, Bittar RG, et al: Localization of hand motor activation in Broca's pli de passage moyen. J Neurosurg 91:903–910, 1999

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4.

    Catalan MJ, , Ishii K, & Honda M, et al: Finger somatotopy in human primary somatosensory cortex: a PET study. Neuroimage 7:S409, 1998 (Abstract) Catalan MJ, Ishii K, Honda M, et al: Finger somatotopy in human primary somatosensory cortex: a PET study. Neuroimage 7:S409, 1998 (Abstract)

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5.

    Collins DL, , Neelin P, & Peters TM, et al: Automatic 3D intersubject registration of MR volumetric data in standardized Talairach space. J Comput Assist Tomogr 18:192205, 1994 Collins DL, Neelin P, Peters TM, et al: Automatic 3D intersubject registration of MR volumetric data in standardized Talairach space. J Comput Assist Tomogr 18:192–205, 1994

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6.

    Evans AC, , Marrett S, & Neelin P, et al: Anatomical mapping of functional activation in stereotactic coordinate space. Neuroimage 1:4353, 1992 Evans AC, Marrett S, Neelin P, et al: Anatomical mapping of functional activation in stereotactic coordinate space. Neuroimage 1:43–53, 1992

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 7.

    Evans AC, , Marrett S, & Torrescorzo J, et al: MRI-PET correlation in three dimensions using a volume-of-interest (VOI) atlas. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 11:A69A78, 1991 Evans AC, Marrett S, Torrescorzo J, et al: MRI-PET correlation in three dimensions using a volume-of-interest (VOI) atlas. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 11:A69–A78, 1991

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8.

    Favorov OV, & Diamond ME: Demonstration of discrete place-defined columns—segregates—in the cat SI. J Comp Neurol 298:97112, 1990 Favorov OV, Diamond ME: Demonstration of discrete place-defined columns—segregates—in the cat SI. J Comp Neurol 298:97–112, 1990

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9.

    Favorov OV, , Diamond ME, & Whitsel BL: Evidence for a mosaic representation of the body surface in area 3b of the somatic cortex of cat. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 84:66066610, 1987 Favorov OV, Diamond ME, Whitsel BL: Evidence for a mosaic representation of the body surface in area 3b of the somatic cortex of cat. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 84:6606–6610, 1987

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10.

    Huang CS, , Sirisko MA, & Hiraba H, et al: Organization of the primate face motor cortex as revealed by intracortical microstimulation and electrophysiological identification of afferent inputs and corticobulbar projections. J Neurophysiol 59:796818, 1988 Huang CS, Sirisko MA, Hiraba H, et al: Organization of the primate face motor cortex as revealed by intracortical microstimulation and electrophysiological identification of afferent inputs and corticobulbar projections. J Neurophysiol 59:796–818, 1988

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11.

    Iwamura Y, , Tanaka M, & Sakamoto M, et al: Vertical neuronal arrays in the postcentral gyrus signaling active touch: a receptive field study in the conscious monkey. Exp Brain Res 58:412420, 1985 Iwamura Y, Tanaka M, Sakamoto M, et al: Vertical neuronal arrays in the postcentral gyrus signaling active touch: a receptive field study in the conscious monkey. Exp Brain Res 58:412–420, 1985

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12.

    Jain N, , Catania KC, & Kaas JH: A histologically visible representation of the fingers and palm in primate area 3b and its immutability following long-term deafferentations. Cereb Cortex 8:227236, 1998 Jain N, Catania KC, Kaas JH: A histologically visible representation of the fingers and palm in primate area 3b and its immutability following long-term deafferentations. Cereb Cortex 8:227–236, 1998

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13.

    Jones EG: Anatomy of cerebral cortex: columnar input-output organization, in Schmitt FO, , Worden FG, & Adelman G, et al (eds): The Organization of the Cerebral Cortex. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1981, pp 199235 Jones EG: Anatomy of cerebral cortex: columnar input-output organization, in Schmitt FO, Worden FG, Adelman G, et al (eds): The Organization of the Cerebral Cortex. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1981, pp 199–235

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14.

    Kaas JH, , Nelson RJ, & Sur M, et al: Multiple representations of the body within the primary somatosensory cortex of primates. Science 204:521523, 1979 Kaas JH, Nelson RJ, Sur M, et al: Multiple representations of the body within the primary somatosensory cortex of primates. Science 204:521–523, 1979

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15.

    Lehman RM, , Olivier A, & Moreau JJ, et al: Use of the callosal grid system for the preoperative identification of the central sulcus. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 58:179188, 1992 Lehman RM, Olivier A, Moreau JJ, et al: Use of the callosal grid system for the preoperative identification of the central sulcus. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 58:179–188, 1992

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 16.

    Lorensen WE, & Cline HE: Marching cubes: a high resolution 3D surface construction algorithm. Comput Graph 21:163169, 1987 Lorensen WE, Cline HE: Marching cubes: a high resolution 3D surface construction algorithm. Comput Graph 21:163–169, 1987

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17.

    Manger PR, , Woods TM, & Jones EG: Representation of face and intra-oral structures in area 3b of macaque monkey somatosensory cortex. J Comp Neurol 371:513521, 1996 Manger PR, Woods TM, Jones EG: Representation of face and intra-oral structures in area 3b of macaque monkey somatosensory cortex. J Comp Neurol 371:513–521, 1996

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18.

    McGuinness E, , Sivertsen D, & Allman JM: Organization of the face representation in macaque motor cortex. J Comp Neurol 193:591608, 1980 McGuinness E, Sivertsen D, Allman JM: Organization of the face representation in macaque motor cortex. J Comp Neurol 193:591–608, 1980

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19.

    Merzenich MM, , Kaas JH, & Sur M, et al: Double representation of the body surface within cytoarchitectonic areas 3b and 1 in “SI” in the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). J Comp Neurol 181:4173, 1978 Merzenich MM, Kaas JH, Sur M, et al: Double representation of the body surface within cytoarchitectonic areas 3b and 1 in “SI” in the owl monkey (Aotus trivirgatus). J Comp Neurol 181:41–73, 1978

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20.

    Mountcastle VB: The columnar organization of the neocortex. Brain 120:701722, 1997 Mountcastle VB: The columnar organization of the neocortex. Brain 120:701–722, 1997

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21.

    Mountcastle VB: Modality and topographic properties of single neurons of cat's somatic sensory cortex. J Neurophysiol 20:408434, 1957 Mountcastle VB: Modality and topographic properties of single neurons of cat's somatic sensory cortex. J Neurophysiol 20:408–434, 1957

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22.

    Mountcastle VB, & Powell TPS: Central nervous mechanisms subserving position sense and kinesthesis. Johns Hopkins Hosp Bull 105:173200, 1959 Mountcastle VB, Powell TPS: Central nervous mechanisms subserving position sense and kinesthesis. Johns Hopkins Hosp Bull 105:173–200, 1959

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 23.

    Picard C, & Olivier A: Sensory cortical tongue representation in man. J Neurosurg 59:781789, 1983 Picard C, Olivier A: Sensory cortical tongue representation in man. J Neurosurg 59:781–789, 1983

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 24.

    Powell TPS, & Mountcastle VB: Some aspects of the functional organization of the cortex of the postcentral gyrus of the monkey: a correlation of findings obtained in a single unit analysis with cytoarchitecture. Johns Hopkins Hosp Bull 105:133162, 1959 Powell TPS, Mountcastle VB: Some aspects of the functional organization of the cortex of the postcentral gyrus of the monkey: a correlation of findings obtained in a single unit analysis with cytoarchitecture. Johns Hopkins Hosp Bull 105:133–162, 1959

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 25.

    Talairach J, & Tournoux P: Co-Planar Stereotaxic Atlas of the Human Brain: 3-Dimensional Proportional System: An Approach to Cerebral Imaging. New York: Thieme Medical, 1988 Talairach J, Tournoux P: Co-Planar Stereotaxic Atlas of the Human Brain: 3-Dimensional Proportional System: An Approach to Cerebral Imaging. New York: Thieme Medical, 1988

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 26.

    Talairach J, , Tournoux P, & Missir O: Referentially Oriented Cerebral MRI Anatomy: An Atlas of Stereotaxic Anatomical Correlations for Gray and White Matter. New York: Thieme Medical, 1993, pp 5175 Talairach J, Tournoux P, Missir O: Referentially Oriented Cerebral MRI Anatomy: An Atlas of Stereotaxic Anatomical Correlations for Gray and White Matter. New York: Thieme Medical, 1993, pp 51–75

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 27.

    Tommerdahl M, , Favorov O, & Whitsel BL, et al: Minicolumnar activation patterns in cat and monkey SI cortex. Cereb Cortex 3:399411, 1993 Tommerdahl M, Favorov O, Whitsel BL, et al: Minicolumnar activation patterns in cat and monkey SI cortex. Cereb Cortex 3:399–411, 1993

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28.

    van Essen DC: A tension-based theory of morphogenesis and compact wiring in the central nervous system. Nature 385:313318, 1997 van Essen DC: A tension-based theory of morphogenesis and compact wiring in the central nervous system. Nature 385:313–318, 1997

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 29.

    van Essen DC, , Drury HA, & Joshi S, et al: Functional and structural mapping of human cerebral cortex: solutions are in the surface. Adv Neurol 84:2334, 2000 van Essen DC, Drury HA, Joshi S, et al: Functional and structural mapping of human cerebral cortex: solutions are in the surface. Adv Neurol 84:23–34, 2000

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 30.

    Worsley KJ, , Evans AC, & Marrett S, et al: A three-dimensional statistical analysis for CBF activation studies in human brain. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 12:900918, 1992 Worsley KJ, Evans AC, Marrett S, et al: A three-dimensional statistical analysis for CBF activation studies in human brain. J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 12:900–918, 1992

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 31.

    Yousry TA, , Schmid UD, & Alkadhi H, et al: Localization of the motor hand area to a knob on the precentral gyrus. A new landmark Brain 120:141157, 1997 Yousry TA, Schmid UD, Alkadhi H, et al: Localization of the motor hand area to a knob on the precentral gyrus. A new landmark Brain 120:141–157, 1997

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 32.

    Zar JH: Biostatistical Analysis, ed 4. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1999, pp 145, 177206 Zar JH: Biostatistical Analysis, ed 4. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1999, pp 145, 177–206

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 424 124 16
Full Text Views 139 4 0
PDF Downloads 101 7 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0