Fusiform gyrus epilepsy: the use of ictal magnetoencephalography

Case report

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✓ The authors report successful presurgical identification of an epileptic focus in the fusiform gyrus by using ictal magnetoencephalography (MEG), which was performed with the aid of an advanced whole-brain neuromagnetometer. A 22-year-old man had suffered from medically refractory complex partial seizures since he was 10 years of age. Seizure symptoms, magnetic resonance imaging, and ictal single-photon emission computerized tomography examinations indicated right temporal lobe epilepsy; however, ictal electroencephalography, including sphenoidal recordings, failed even to lateralize the seizure focus. The MEG studies revealed that equivalent current dipoles of interictal activities were scattered bilaterally around the medial temporal structures, but those of ictal onset and postictal activities formed a cluster in the left fusiform gyrus. After confirmation of each ictal and interictal MEG finding by using long-term electrocorticography recordings, focal cortical resection of the left inferior temporal and fusiform gyri was performed. The histopathological diagnosis was cortical dysplasia, and the patient has achieved a good seizure outcome, now 15 months after the operation. Ictal and also postictal MEG may be more specific than interictal MEG for identifying the ictal onset zone.

Article Information

Contributor Notes

Address reprint requests to: Makoto Oishi, M.D., Department of Neurosurgery, National Nishi-Niigata Central Hospital, 1–14–1 Masago, Niigata 950–2085, Japan. email: oishi@masa.go.jp.

© AANS, except where prohibited by US copyright law.

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