Penetration of the optic chiasm by a ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm

Case report

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✓ There are few reports of anterior communicating artery aneurysms causing visual symptoms, and penetration of the optic chiasm by such aneurysms has not been reported. A 40-year-old man presented with the abrupt onset of left homonymous hemianopsia, right visual acuity disturbance (finger counting), and slight headache. Angiography disclosed a 7-mm anterior communicating artery aneurysm projecting inferiorly. After the neck of the aneurysm was clipped, the dome of the aneurysm was resected. The operation confirmed that the aneurysm had penetrated the right half of the optic chiasm and the thrombosed dome had also compressed the right optic tract. Although the aneurysm was successfully clipped, the visual disturbance persisted after surgery, suggesting that the damage to the visual pathways by aneurysm penetration was irreversible in this case.

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Contributor Notes

Address reprint requests to: Isao Date, M.D., Department of Neurological Surgery, Okayama University Medical School, 2–5–1 Shikata-cho, Okayama 700, Japan.
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