Methods for microelectrode-guided posteroventral pallidotomy

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  • 1 Division of Neurosurgery and Playfair Neuroscience Unit, The Toronto Hospital (Western Division), Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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✓ Methods for localizing the posteroventral globus pallidus internus are described. The authors' techniques include the use of microelectrodes to record single-unit activity and to microstimulate in human pallidum and its surrounding structures. This technique allows a precise determination of the locations of characteristic cell types in sequential trajectories through the external and internal segments of the pallidum. The location of the optic tract can be determined from microstimulation-evoked visual sensations and recordings of flash-evoked potentials. In addition, microstimulation-evoked motor and sensory responses allow the internal capsule to be identified. The data collected using this technique are an important adjunct to selecting optimum sites to place electrocoagulation lesions for stereotactic posteroventral pallidotomy for refractory Parkinson's disease.

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Contributor Notes

Address reprint requests to: William D. Hutchison, Ph.D., Department of Physiology, Medical Science Building, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1A8, Canada.
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