The Prognosis of Encephaloceles

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Figures

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    A. Occipital lesion obscured by hair and mistaken for an encephalocele. B. Unoperated occipital encephalocele in an infant who lived only 8 days. C. Large occipital encephalocele in a young infant who postoperatively is grossly retarded at 6 years of age and has hydrocephalus. D. Transillumination of a huge occipital encephalocele in a newborn infant who postoperatively is essentially normal at 17 years of age.

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    Results in 40 patients according to age at operation for occipital encephalocele.

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    A. One-week-old infant with an anterior encephalocele and median cleft face. B. Same patient at 5 years of age after craniotomy, palatoplasty, and cheiloplasty.

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    A–B. Newborn microcephalic infant with a large, ulcerated frontal encephalocele. C–D. Same patient after one-stage bifrontal craniotomy, intracranial repair of dural defect, and extracranial excision of malformation. (This case is not included in this series ending December 31, 1967, since it is a more recent case.)

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