Intraoperative motor and somatosensory evoked potential monitoring during surgical clipping of ruptured and unruptured intracranial aneurysms: a comparative study

Hao You MMed1, Xing Fan MD1, Jiajia Liu MBBS1, Dongze Guo MMed1, Zhibao Li MMed1, and Hui Qiao MMed1
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  • 1 Department of Neurophysiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China
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OBJECTIVE

The current study investigated the correlation between intraoperative motor evoked potential (MEP) and somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) monitoring and both short-term and long-term motor outcomes in aneurysm patients treated with surgical clipping. Moreover, the authors provide a relatively optimal neurophysiological predictor of postoperative motor deficits (PMDs) in patients with ruptured and unruptured aneurysms.

METHODS

A total of 1017 patients (216 with ruptured aneurysms and 801 with unruptured aneurysms) were included. Patient demographic characteristics, clinical features, intraoperative monitoring data, and follow-up data were retrospectively reviewed. The efficacy of using changes in MEP/SSEP to predict PMDs was assessed using binary logistic regression analysis. Subsequently, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to determine the optimal critical value for duration of MEP/SSEP deterioration.

RESULTS

Both intraoperative MEP and SSEP monitoring were significantly effective for predicting short-term (p < 0.001 for both) and long-term (p < 0.001 for both) PMDs in aneurysm patients. The critical values for predicting short-term PMDs were amplitude decrease rates of 57.30% for MEP (p < 0.001 and area under the curve [AUC] 0.732) and 64.10% for SSEP (p < 0.001 and AUC 0.653). In patients with an unruptured aneurysm, the optimal critical values for predicting short-term PMDs were durations of deterioration of 17 minutes for MEP (p < 0.001 and AUC 0.768) and 21 minutes for SSEP (p < 0.001 and AUC 0.843). In patients with a ruptured aneurysm, the optimal critical values for predicting short-term PMDs were durations of deterioration of 12.5 minutes for MEP (p = 0.028 and AUC 0.706) and 11 minutes for SSEP (p = 0.043 and AUC 0.813).

CONCLUSIONS

The authors found that both intraoperative MEP and SSEP monitoring are useful for predicting short-term and long-term PMDs in patients with unruptured and ruptured aneurysms. The optimal intraoperative neuromonitoring method for predicting PMDs varies depending on whether the aneurysm has ruptured or not.

ABBREVIATIONS

AUC = area under the curve; EP = evoked potential; IONM = intraoperative neuromonitoring; MEP = motor EP; PMD = postoperative motor deficit; ROC = receiver operating characteristic; SSEP = somatosensory EP.

Illustration from Morshed et al. (pp 1–8). Copyright Ken Probst. Published with permission.

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