Development of a novel frameless skull-mounted ball-joint guide array for use in image-guided neurosurgery

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  • Interventional Neuro Center, Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California San Francisco, California
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OBJECTIVE

Successful convection-enhanced delivery of therapeutic agents to subcortical brain structures requires accurate cannula placement. Stereotactic guiding devices have been developed to accurately target brain nuclei. However, technologies remain limited by a lack of MRI compatibility, or by devices’ size, making them suboptimal for direct gene delivery to brain parenchyma. The goal of this study was to validate the accuracy of a novel frameless skull-mounted ball-joint guide array (BJGA) in targeting the nonhuman primate (NHP) brain.

METHODS

Fifteen MRI-guided cannula insertions were performed on 9 NHPs, each targeting the putamen. Optimal trajectories were planned on a standard MRI console using 3D multiplanar baseline images. After cannula insertion, the intended trajectory was compared to the final trajectory to assess deviation (euclidean error) of the cannula tip.

RESULTS

The average cannula tip deviation was 1.18 ± 0.60 mm (mean ± SD) as measured by 2 independent reviewers. Topological analysis showed a superior, posterior, and rightward directional bias, and the intra- and interclass correlation coefficients were > 0.85, indicating valid and reliable intra- and interobserver evaluation.

CONCLUSIONS

The data demonstrate that the BJGA can be used to reliably target subcortical brain structures by using MRI guidance, with accuracy comparable to current frameless stereotactic systems. The size and versatility of the BJGA, combined with a streamlined workflow, allows for its potential applicability to a variety of intracranial neurosurgical procedures, and for greater flexibility in executing MRI-guided experiments within the NHP brain.

ABBREVIATIONS

AC-PC = anterior commissure–posterior commissure; BJGA = ball-joint guide array; CED = convection-enhanced delivery; DICOM = Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine; iMRI = intraoperative MRI; MPR = multiplanar reconstruction; NHP = nonhuman primate; PEEK = polyetheretherketone; T1W = T1-weighted.

Supplementary Materials

    • Supplementary Figs (PDF 4.95 MB)

Image from Ryu et al. (pp 442–455).

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