Topographic correlation of infarct area on CT perfusion with functional outcome in acute ischemic stroke

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OBJECTIVE

The role of CT perfusion (CTP) in the management of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) remains a matter of debate. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the areas of infarction and penumbra on CTP scans and functional outcome in patients with AIS.

METHODS

This was a retrospective review of 100 consecutively treated patients with acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke who underwent CT angiography (CTA) and CTP at admission between February 2011 and October 2014. On CTP, the volume of ischemic core and penumbra was measured using the Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS). CTA findings were also noted, including the site of occlusion and regional leptomeningeal collateral (rLMC) score. Functional outcome was defined by modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score obtained at discharge. Associations of CTP and CTA parameters with mRS scores at discharge were assessed using multivariable proportional odds logistic regression models.

RESULTS

The median age was 67 years (range 19–95 years), and the median NIH Stroke Scale score was 16 (range 2–35). In a multivariable analysis adjusting for potential confounding variables, having an infarct on CTP scans in the following regions was associated with a worse mRS score at discharge: insula ribbon (p = 0.043), perisylvian fissure (p < 0.001), motor strip (p = 0.007), M2 (p < 0.001), and M5 (p = 0.023). A worse mRS score at discharge was more common in patients with a greater volume of infarct core (p = 0.024) and less common in patients with a greater rLMC score (p = 0.004).

CONCLUSIONS

The results of this study provide evidence that several CTP parameters are independent predictors of functional outcome in patients with AIS and have potential to identify those patients most likely to benefit from reperfusion therapy in the treatment of AIS.

ABBREVIATIONS AHA/ASA = American Heart Association/American Stroke Association; AIS = acute ischemic stroke; ASPECTS = Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score; CBF = cerebral blood flow; CBV = cerebral blood volume; CTA = CT angiography; CTP = CT perfusion; mRS = modified Rankin Scale; NIHSS = NIH Stroke Scale; rLMC = regional leptomeningeal collateral.
Article Information

Contributor Notes

Correspondence Rabih G. Tawk: Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL. tawk.rabih@mayo.edu.INCLUDE WHEN CITING Published online January 11, 2019; DOI: 10.3171/2018.8.JNS181095.Disclosures Dr. Tawk reports owning Medtronic stocks.
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