Factors neurosurgery candidates use when choosing a residency program

Clinical article

View More View Less
  • Department of Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky Hospital, Lexington, Kentucky
Restricted access

Purchase Now

USD  $45.00

JNS + Pediatrics - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $505.00

JNS + Pediatrics + Spine - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $600.00
Print or Print + Online

Object

Many factors affect an applicant's decision when selecting a residency program. While some issues are likely important to all applicants, others may be specific to, or weighed differently by, those applying to certain specialties. In an effort to better understand how applicants to neurosurgery programs make decisions about relative rank, the authors created a survey to identify the program characteristics thought most important by applicants.

Methods

An electronic survey was created and posted to the neurosurgery residency coordinator's forum. Coordinators throughout the country were asked to send the survey link to students who were scheduled to begin as first-year residents in July of 2012. A paper copy of the survey was also distributed at the Society of Neurological Surgeons intern boot camp in Atlanta, Georgia, in July of 2012.

Results

One hundred ninety-six students obtained a neurosurgical postgraduate year 1 position in the 2011–2012 match; 40 survey responses were received (response rate 20.4%). The factors cited as being most important in selecting a residency were the residents currently in the program, team camaraderie, and the number of operative cases performed. The interview day, specifically the opportunity to talk to the residents, was also thought to be important, as was the knowledge that the applicant would likely be ranked by the program.

Conclusions

Applicants for neurosurgical training choose a program for reasons similar to those given by applicants to other specialties. Neurosurgery applicants seem marginally more interested in an emphasis on academics and research and slightly less concerned with a program's location, but overall, the differences appear minimal. The interview process is very important, and contact by a representative after the interview also seems significant in applicants' decision making. By recognizing what applicants think is important in choosing a residency, programs can more effectively recruit residents and more efficiently use faculty time and department resources.

JNS + Pediatrics - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $505.00

JNS + Pediatrics + Spine - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $600.00

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to: Thomas A. Pittman, M.D., Department of Neurosurgery, University of Kentucky, 800 Rose St., MS105, Lexington, KY 40536. email: tpitt2@uky.edu.

Please include this information when citing this paper: published online October 18, 2013; DOI: 10.3171/2013.7.JNS13290.

  • 1

    Aagaard EM, , Julian K, , Dedier J, , Soloman I, , Tillisch J, & Pérez-Stable EJ: Factors affecting medical students' selection of an internal medicine residency program. J Natl Med Assoc 97:12641270, 2005

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2

    Cole KL, , Leibrandt TJ, , Pezzi CM, & Kukora JS: Do men and women use the same criteria in selecting a general surgery residency program? Results of a 20-year study in a non-university program. J Surg Educ 64:204207, 2007

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3

    Davydow D, , Bienvenu OJ, , Lipsey J, & Swartz K: Factors influencing the choice of a psychiatric residency program: a survey of applicants to the Johns Hopkins residency program in psychiatry. Acad Psychiatry 32:143146, 2008

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4

    DeIorio NM, , Yarris LM, & Gaines SA: Emergency medicine residency applicant views on the interview day process. Acad Emerg Med 16:S67S70, 2009

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5

    DeSantis M, & Marco CA: Emergency medicine residency selection: factors influencing candidate decisions. Acad Emerg Med 12:559561, 2005

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    Dumont TM, & Horgan MA: The surgical skills laboratory residency interview: an enjoyable alternative. J Surg Educ 69:407410, 2012

  • 7

    Flynn TC, , Gerrity MS, & Berkowitz LR: What do applicants look for when selecting internal medicine residency programs? A comparison of rating scale and open-ended responses. J Gen Intern Med 8:249254, 1993

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 8

    Kutikov A, , Morgan TM, & Resnick MJ: The impact of residency match information disseminated by a third-party website. J Surg Educ 66:212215, 2009

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9

    Laskey S, & Cydulka RK: Applicant considerations associated with selection of emergency medicine residency program. Acad Emerg Med 16:355359, 2009

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 10

    Lewis P, , Hayward J, & Chertoff J: Student interviews for radiology residency: what influences how students rank programs?. J Am Coll Radiol 7:439445, 2010

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 11

    Lindauer S, , Payne MD, , Shroff B, & Tüfekçi E: Factors influencing applicant ranking of orthodontic programs. Angle Orthod 76:8491, 2006

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12

    Love JN, , Howell JM, , Hegarty CB, , McLaughlin SA, , Coates WC, & Hopson LR, : Factors that influence medical student selection of an emergency medicine residency program: implications for training programs. Acad Emerg Med 19:455460, 2012

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13

    Marciani RD, , Smith TA, & Heaton LJ: Applicants' opinions about the selection process for oral and maxillofacial surgery programs. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 61:608614, 2003

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 14

    Markert RJ, , Rodenhauser P, , El-Baghdadi MM, , Juskaite K, , Hillel AT, & Maron BA: Personality as a prognostic factor for specialty choice: a prospective study of 4 medical school classes. Medscape J Med 10:49, 2008

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 15

    Mayeaux EJ Jr, & Arnold J: Why first-year family practice residents choose their residency programs. Fam Med 25:253256, 1993

  • 16

    Nagler A, , Andolsek K, , Schlueter J, & Weinerth J: To match or not: factors influencing resident choice of graduate medical education program. J Grad Med Educ 4:159164, 2012

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17

    National Resident Matching Program: Results and Data: 2012 Main Residency Matchsm (http://www.nrmp.org/data/resultsanddata2012.pdf) [Accessed July 28, 2013]

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 18

    Nuthalapaty FS, , Jackson JR, & Owen J: The influence of quality-of-life, academic, and workplace factors on residency program selection. Acad Med 79:417425, 2004

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 19

    Wang T, , Wong B, , Huang A, , Khatri P, , Ng C, & Forgie M, : Factors affecting residency rank listing: a Maxdiff survey of graduating Canadian medical students. BMC Med Educ 11:61, 2011

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 20

    Yarris LM, , DeIorio NM, & Gaines SS: Emergency medicine residency applicants' perceptions about being contacted after interview day. West J Emerg Med 11:474478, 2010

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 21

    Yarris LM, , DeIorio NM, & Lowe RA: Factors applicants value when selecting an emergency medicine residency. West J Emerg Med 10:159162, 2009

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 22

    Yousuf SJ, , Kwagyan J, & Jones LS: Applicants' choice of an ophthalmology residency program. Ophthalmology 120:423427, 2013

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 345 243 21
Full Text Views 655 76 8
PDF Downloads 641 42 1
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0