Hydrogel coil–related delayed hydrocephalus in patients with unruptured aneurysms

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Object

Because of high recanalization rates associated with wide-necked intracranial aneurysms treated with bare platinum coils, hydrogel coils (HydroCoil, MicroVention, Inc.) have been developed. Hydrogel coils undergo progressive expansion once exposed to the physiological environment of blood and increase overall aneurysm filling.

Methods

The authors retrospectively reviewed their series of patients with unruptured aneurysms treated between 1998 and 2006 and who underwent placement of bare platinum and hydrogel coils for cerebral aneurysms. They examined the incidence of delayed hydrocephalus as related to coil type. In a subgroup of patients in which preand postprocedure CT and MR imaging studies were available, the authors quantitatively analyzed the ventricular size change after hydrogel coils were placed.

Results

Four of 29 patients treated with hydrogel coils developed symptomatic hydrocephalus 2–6 months after the intervention compared with 0 of 26 treated with bare platinum coils alone. The difference in ventricular size between the subgroups in which pre- and postprocedure imaging was performed was found to be statistically significant (p < 0.05). All 4 HydroCoil-treated patients in whom hydrocephalus developed required placement of a shunt.

Conclusions

A 14% incidence (95% confidence interval 3.9–31.7%) of hydrocephalus in patients with unruptured aneurysm undergoing embolization with hydrogel coils was discovered. This incidence is much higher than previously reported. The mechanism by which hydrogel coils may induce hydrocephalus remains poorly understood.

Abbreviations used in this paper: CSF = cerebrospinal fluid; LP = lumboperitoneal.
Article Information

Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to: Edward M. Marchan, M.D., Department of Neurosurgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience, 909 Walnut Street, 3rd Floor, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107. email: edmarchan@gmail.com.

© AANS, except where prohibited by US copyright law.

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References
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