Use of the sole stenting technique for the management of aneurysms in the posterior circulation in a prospective series of 20 patients

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  • 1 Departments of Neurological Endovascular Therapy and
  • 2 Neurosurgery, Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía, México City;
  • 3 Comprehensive Stroke Center, Hospital Ángeles del Pedregal, México City;
  • 4 Comprehensive Vascular Institute, Hospital Ángeles del Carmen, Guadalajara, México;
  • 5 Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Hospital Santa Rita, São Paolo, Brazil;
  • 6 Alabama Neurological Institute, Birmingham, Alabama; and
  • 7 Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México City, México
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Object

The use of intracranial stents in stent-assisted coil embolization is now a current neurosurgical practice worldwide. The clinical utility of these stents in the sole stenting (SS) technique, however, has not been thoroughly described, and the published reports of this experience are scarce. This study was designed to evaluate SS treatment of dissecting and nondissecting aneurysms of the posterior circulation.

Methods

This prospective and descriptive study was conducted in 20 consecutive patients who harbored single aneurysms of the posterior circulation and who were treated using the SS approach in the last 3 years. The clinical and radiological assessment and follow-up of the patients were evaluated using the modified Rankin scale as well as with computed tomography angiography and digital subtraction angiography at discharge and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months.

Results

Eleven of the 20 patients had subarachnoid hemorrhages, 3 presented with ischemia, 1 presented with brainstem compression, and the remaining 5 patients had incidentally discovered, asymptomatic lesions. Only 1 patient had a complication (occipital infarction) attributable to the SS procedure. One patient died of rebleeding 2 weeks after the procedure. At 1 month, 40% of the patients had a subtotal or total occlusion, which increased to 55% at 3 months and 85% at 6 months, with a final subtotal or total occlusion rate of 80% at 1 year. The SS procedure in 1 case was considered a failure at 6 months because no change had been noted since the 1-month follow-up. One case showed partial occlusion and 1 case showed recanalization.

Conclusions

Use of SS for aneurysms in the posterior circulation complex is a safe and effective technique, demonstrating an occlusion rate of 80% at the 1-year follow up.

Abbreviations used in this paper: BA = basilar artery; BES = balloon-expandable stent; CSF = cerebrospinal fluid; CT = computed tomography; DS = digital subtraction; GDC = Guglielmi detachable coil; MR = magnetic resonance; mRS = modified Rankin scale; PCA = posterior cerebral artery; PICA = posterior inferior cerebellar artery; SAH = subarachnoid hemorrhage; SCA = superior cerebellar artery; SES = self-expandable stent; SS = sole stenting; VA = vertebral artery; VBJ = vertebrobasilar junction.

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Contributor Notes

Address correspondence to: J. A. Santos-Franco, M.D., Department of Neurological Endovascular Therapy, Instituto Nacional de Neurología y Neurocirugía, Insurgentes Sur 3877, Col. La Fama, México D.F., México 14269. email: jasantosfranco@hotmail.com.
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