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Cover Neurosurgical Focus: Video

FRED flow diversion with LVIS protection of large posterior communicating artery aneurysm: the "FRELVIS" technique

Steven B. Housley, Justin M. Cappuzzo, Muhammad Waqas, Andre Monteiro, Elad I. Levy, and Adnan H. Siddiqui

Treatment of wide-necked posterior communicating artery (PCoA) aneurysms is extremely challenging, especially in fetal posterior cerebral artery (PCA) configurations. This technical video demonstrates the nuances of an innovative use of flow diversion to treat a recurrent wide-necked PCoA aneurysm. This middle-aged patient presented with recurrence of a previously ruptured, coil-embolized PCoA aneurysm. Initial attempts at Comaneci-assisted coiling were unsuccessful because the coil herniated into the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Therefore, a low-profile visualized intraluminal support (LVIS) was placed in the fetal PCA across the aneurysm ostium and a flow diverter was placed in the internal carotid artery and MCA to constitute a Y-construct.

The video can be found here:

Free access


Cover Neurosurgical Focus

The first decade of flow diversion for intracranial aneurysms with the Pipeline embolization device

Andre Monteiro, Jaims Lim, Manhal Siddiqi, Brianna M. Donnelly, Wasiq Khawar, Ammad Baig, Ryan C. Turner, Mehdi Bouslama, Kunal P. Raygor, Pui Man Rosalind Lai, Steven B. Housley, Jason M. Davies, Kenneth V. Snyder, Adnan H. Siddiqui, and Elad I. Levy


Flow diverter devices have revolutionized the treatment of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) since their approval in 2011 and have continued to evolve. The devices have been widely adopted across institutions and centers over the past decade; however, long-term follow-up after treatment with the Pipeline embolization device (PED) is not well described in the literature. The authors’ institution was among the first to begin using PEDs, allowing them to report their series of patients treated with flow diverters ≥ 10 years ago. In this study, the authors aimed to evaluate the long-term angiographic and clinical outcomes of these patients and review lessons learned along the way.


The authors performed a retrospective review of their institution’s IA database from January 2007 to July 2012. All patients with IAs treated with a PED prior to July 2012 were included. Clinical and angiographic characteristics were extracted. Available angiographic follow-up at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years was reported.


A total of 83 patients with 92 aneurysms treated with a PED ≥ 10 years ago were identified and included in the study. The mean aneurysm dome diameter was 9.2 (SD 5.7) mm, the mean aneurysm height was 10.4 (SD 6.8) mm, and the mean neck width was 4.1 (SD 2.4) mm. Only 1 (1.1%) aneurysm was ruptured at presentation. Eight (8.7%) aneurysms were recurrences of previous treatment modalities. The morphology was saccular in 77 (83.7%) aneurysms, fusiform in 14 (15.2%), and blister-like in 1 (1.1%). Among saccular aneurysms, 60 (77.9%) were wide-necked. Seventy-five (81.5%) aneurysms were in the internal carotid artery, 12 (13.0%) were vertebrobasilar, 3 (3.3%) were in the middle cerebral artery, and 2 (2.2%) were in the posterior cerebral artery. Angiographic follow-up at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years was available for 75, 59, 50, and 15 patients, respectively. The complete occlusion rates at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years were 94.7%, 96.6%, 96.0%, and 100%, respectively. The retreatment rates at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years were 8.0%, 6.8%, 8.0%, and 6.7%, respectively.


The authors provide their single-institution series of IA patients treated with a PED ≥ 10 years ago, with the first report of 10-year follow-up for the available patients.