Reference accuracy in spine surgery

View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Neurosurgery, Thomas Jefferson University and Jefferson Hospital for Neuroscience, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;
  • 2 School of Osteopathic Medicine, Rowan University, Stratford, New Jersey; and
  • 3 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey
Restricted access

Purchase Now

USD  $45.00

Spine - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $369.00

JNS + Pediatrics + Spine - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $600.00
Print or Print + Online

OBJECTIVE

The references list is an important part of a scientific article that serves to confirm the accuracy of the authors’ statements. The goal of this study was to evaluate the reference accuracy in the field of spine surgery.

METHODS

Four major peer-reviewed spine surgery journals were chosen for this study based on their subspecialty clinical impact factors. Sixty articles per journal were selected from 12 issues each of The Spine Journal, Spine, and Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, and 40 articles were selected from 8 issues of Global Spine Journal, for a total of 220 articles. All the articles were published in 2019 and were selected using computer-generated numbers. From the references list of each article, one reference was again selected by using a computer-generated number and then checked for citation or quotation errors.

RESULTS

The results indicate that 84.1% of articles have a minor citation error, 4.5% of articles have a major citation error, 9.5% of articles have a minor quotation error, and 9.1% of articles have a major quotation error. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine had the fewest citation errors compared with the other journals evaluated in this study. Using chi-square analysis, no association was determined between the occurrence of errors and potential markers of reference mistakes. Still, statistical significance was found between the occurrence of citation errors and the spine journals tested.

CONCLUSIONS

In order to advance medical treatment and patient care in spine surgery, detailed documentation and attention to detail are necessary. The results from this study illustrate that improved reference accuracy is required.

Spine - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $369.00

JNS + Pediatrics + Spine - 1 year subscription bundle (Individuals Only)

USD  $600.00

Contributor Notes

Correspondence James Harrop: Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA. james.harrop@jefferson.edu.

INCLUDE WHEN CITING Published online September 25, 2020; DOI: 10.3171/2020.6.SPINE20640.

Disclosures The authors report no conflict of interest concerning the materials or methods used in this study or the findings specified in this paper.

  • 1

    Wei M, Wang W, Zhuang Y. Worldwide research productivity in the field of spine surgery: a 10-year bibliometric analysis. Eur Spine J. 2016;25(4):976982.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 2

    Lin G-X, Kotheeranurak V, Mahatthanatrakul A, Worldwide research productivity in the field of full-endoscopic spine surgery: a bibliometric study. Eur Spine J. 2020;29(1):153160.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 3

    Reddy MS, Srinivas S, Sabanayagam N, Balasubramanian SP. Accuracy of references in general surgical journals—an old problem revisited. Surgeon. 2008;6(2):7175.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 4

    Evans JT, Nadjari HI, Burchell SA. Quotational and reference accuracy in surgical journals. A continuing peer review problem. JAMA. 1990;263(10):13531354.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 5

    McLellan MF, Case LD, Barnett MC. Trust, but verify. The accuracy of references in four anesthesia journals. Anesthesiology. 1992;77(1):185188.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 6

    O’Connor AE. A review of the accuracy of references in the journal Emergency Medicine. Emerg Med (Fremantle). 2002;14(2):139141.

  • 7

    Al-Benna S, Rajgarhia P, Ahmed S, Sheikh Z. Accuracy of references in burns journals. Burns. 2009;35(5):677680.

  • 8

    Davids JR, Weigl DM, Edmonds JP, Blackhurst DW. Reference accuracy in peer-reviewed pediatric orthopaedic literature. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010;92(5):11551161.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 9

    Awrey J, Inaba K, Barmparas G, Reference accuracy in the general surgery literature. World J Surg. 2011;35(3):475479.

  • 10

    Luo M, Li CC, Molina D IV, Accuracy of citation and quotation in foot and ankle surgery journals. Foot Ankle Int. 2013;34(7):949955.

  • 11

    Armstrong MF, Conduff JH III, Fenton JE, Coelho DH. Reference errors in otolaryngology-head and neck surgery literature. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2018;159(2):249253.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 12

    de Lacey G, Record C, Wade J. How accurate are quotations and references in medical journals? Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1985;291(6499):884886.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 13

    George PM, Robbins K. Reference accuracy in the dermatologic literature. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1994;31(1):6164.

  • 14

    Doms CA. A survey of reference accuracy in five national dental journals. J Dent Res. 1989;68(3):442444.

  • 15

    Neihouse PF, Priske SC. Quotation accuracy in review articles. DICP. 1989;23(7-8):594596.

  • 16

    Fenton JE, Brazier H, De Souza A, The accuracy of citation and quotation in otolaryngology/head and neck surgery journals. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 2000;25(1):4044.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 17

    Lok CK, Chan MT, Martinson IM. Risk factors for citation errors in peer-reviewed nursing journals. J Adv Nurs. 2001;34(2):223229.

Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 256 256 256
Full Text Views 36 36 36
PDF Downloads 14 14 14
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0