Generating alpha: can we prevent a back pain bubble?

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Contributor Notes

Correspondence Michael Y. Wang: WHEN CITING Published online March 6, 2020; DOI: 10.3171/2020.1.SPINE191434.Disclosures Dr. Wang serves as a consultant to DePuy-Synthes Spine, Stryker, Spineology, Aesculap Spine, JoiMax, and K2M; receives royalties from Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles, DePuy-Synthes Spine, Springer Publishing, and Quality Medical Publishing; holds stock in Innovative Surgical Devices, Medical Device Partners, and Spinicity; and receives grants from the Department of Defense.
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