Epidural meningioma of the sacral canal

Case report

Scott A. Rutherford M.B.Ch.B., F.R.C.S., Kim M. Linton M.B.Ch.B., M.R.C.P., Jonathan M. Durnian M.B.Ch.B., and Richard A. Cowie M.B.Ch.B., F.R.C.S.
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  • Department of Neurosurgery, Hope Hospital, Salford; and Department of Medical Oncology, Christie Hospital, Manchester, United Kingdom
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✓ Spinal meningiomas are reported infrequently as pure epidural tumors, and they are rarely located at the caudal end of the spine. The unique combination of a wholly epidural tumor confined entirely to the sacral canal has not been previously described.

The authors describe the case of a 29-year-old man who presented with coccygeal and left-sided S2–4 dermatomal pain. Examination confirmed sensory loss in the same distribution. A magnetic resonance image revealed an enhancing mass lesion in the sacral canal scalloping the bone at S-2 and S-3.

An apparent complete resection was performed. Intraoperatively the authors observed an entirely epidural tumor with a small dural attachment at the most caudal end of the thecal sac. Histological examination confirmed that the tumor was an atypical meningioma. A local recurrence developed within 1 year of surgery, and the patient underwent a hemisacrectomy for tumor removal. An additional recurrence in the lumbosacral spine and multiple pulmonary metastases developed thereafter.

In addition to the unique nature of this case, the authors also observed a tumor behaving in a far more aggressive fashion than its histological findings would suggest. This adds to the differential diagnosis of tumors occurring in the sacral canal.

Abbreviation used in this paper:

MR = magnetic resonance.

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