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Göran Edner, David M. C. Forster, Ladislau Steiner and Ulf Bergvall

, Forster DMC , et al : Stereotactic radiosurgery in intracranial arterio-venous malformations. Acta Neurochir (Suppl) 21 : 195 – 209 , 1974 Steiner L, Leksell L, Forster DMC, et al: Stereotactic radiosurgery in intracranial arterio-venous malformations. Acta Neurochir (Suppl) 21: 195–209, 1974 39. Suwanwela C , Suwanwela N , Charuchinda S , et al : Intracranial mycotic aneurysms of extravascular origin. J Neurosurg 36 : 552 – 559 , 1972 Suwanwela C, Suwanwela N, Charuchinda S, et al

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Single-beam radiotherapy knife

A practical theoretical model

Milton D. Heifetz, Marilyn Wexler and Ronald Thompson

technique. References 1. Backlund EO : Stereotactic radiosurgery in intracranial tumours and vascular malformations , in Krayenbühl H (ed): Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery. Wien/New York : Springer-Verlag , 1979 , Vol 6 , pp 1 – 37 (see pp 5–8) Backlund EO: Stereotactic radiosurgery in intracranial tumours and vascular malformations, in Krayenbühl H (ed): Advances and Technical Standards in Neurosurgery. Wien/New York: Springer-Verlag, 1979, Vol 6, pp 1–37 (see pp 5–8) 2

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Juan J. Rivas and Ramiro D. Lobato

. Neurosurgery 7 : 450 – 455 , 1980 Antunes JL, Louis KM, Ganti SR: Colloid cysts of the third ventricle. Neurosurgery 7: 450–455, 1980 3. Backlund EO : A new instrument for stereotaxic brain tumour biopsy. Technical note. Acta Chir Scand 137 : 825 – 827 , 1971 Backlund EO: A new instrument for stereotaxic brain tumour biopsy. Technical note. Acta Chir Scand 137: 825–827, 1971 4. Backlund EO : Stereotactic radiosurgery in intracranial tumours and vascular malformations , in Krayenbühl H (ed

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Francesco Tognetti, Alvaro Andreoli, Anna Cuscini and Claudio Testa

–243, 1955 17. Steiner L , Leksell L , Forster DMC , et al : Stereotactic radiosurgery in intracranial arterio-venous malformations. Acta Neurochir Suppl 21 : 195 – 209 , 1974 Steiner L, Leksell L, Forster DMC, et al: Stereotactic radiosurgery in intracranial arterio-venous malformations. Acta Neurochir Suppl 21: 195–209, 1974 18. Sukoff MH , Barth B , Moran T : Spontaneous occlusion of a massive arteriovenous malformation — case report. Neuroradiology 4 : 121 – 123 , 1972

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, Forster DMC , et al : Stereotactic radiosurgery in intracranial arterio-venous malformations. Acta Neurochir Suppl 21 : 195 – 209 , 1974 Steiner L, Leksell L, Forster DMC, et al: Stereotactic radiosurgery in intracranial arterio-venous malformations. Acta Neurochir Suppl 21: 195–209, 1974 5. Steiner L , Leksell L , Greitz T , et al : Stereotaxic radiosurgery for cerebral arteriovenous malformations. Report of a case. Acta Chir Scand 138 : 459 – 464 , 1972 Steiner L, Leksell L, Greitz T, et al

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Lars Leksell, Christer Lindquist, John R. Adler, Dan Leksell, Bengt Jernberg and Ladislau Steiner

man. Kungl Fysiogr Sllsk Lund Frhandl 25 : 138 – 141 , 1955 Leksell L: Further note on a stereotaxic instrument for man. Kungl Fysiogr Sllsk Lund Frhandl 25: 138–141, 1955 8. Leksell L : Stereotactic radiosurgery. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 46 : 797 – 803 , 1983 Leksell L: Stereotactic radiosurgery. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 46: 797–803, 1983 9. Leksell L : A stereotaxic apparatus for intracerebral surgery. Acta Chir Scand 99 : 229 – 233 , 1950 Leksell L: A

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Howard Tung, Steven L. Giannotta, Parakrama T. Chandrasoma and Chi-Shing Zee

an increased neurological deficit as the result of surgery. One patient with increased deficit had a lesion in the superior cerebellar peduncle which had hemorrhaged for a second time 9 months after stereotactic radiosurgery using the Bragg peak method. He has a mild hemisensory deficit with a slightly detectable cerebellar hemiataxia. He has returned to full activity as a chemical engineer. The second patient who experienced neurological deficit subsequent to surgery harbors a large pontine vascular malformation. Although she was ambulatory after surgery

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cysts Joseph L. Voelker Robert L. Campbell Jans Muller April 1991 74 4 535 544 10.3171/jns.1991.74.4.0535 Intracranial germ-cell tumors in children Harold J. Hoffman Hiroshi Otsubo E. Bruce Hendrick Robin P. Humphreys James M. Drake Laurence E. Becker Mark Greenberg Derek Jenkin April 1991 74 4 545 551 10.3171/jns.1991.74.4.0545 Stereotactic radiosurgery of meningiomas Douglas Kondziolka L. Dade Lunsford Robert J. Coffey John C. Flickinger April 1991 74 4 552

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Douglas Kondziolka, L. Dade Lunsford, Robert J. Coffey and John C. Flickinger

perform incomplete resections. Some patients with meningiomas are considered unsuitable for surgery if they are elderly or are “medically unfit.” 2, 13 Single-fraction precisely guided multiple photon-beam irradiation (stereotactic radiosurgery) offers treatment to such patients: those with tumors in high-risk locations; those with residual meningiomas after surgical resection; and those whose advanced age or associated medical illness pose unacceptable risks for surgical removal. This report is the first comprehensive clinical analysis of stereotactic radiosurgery

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. Mechanically guided operations, without visual control, where the brain is accessed by means of a conventional burr-hole or twist-drill technique. B. Stereotactic Radiosurgery: Noninvasive, truly closed procedures. C. Guided Microsurgery: Microsurgical procedures, entirely under visual control, in which the work of the surgeon is aided by the use of stereotactic guidance. Stereotactic surgery involves the use of a three-dimensional reference system to blindly reach structures in the depth of the brain. Microsurgery is anything but blind and it does not