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Mauricio Mandel, Carlo Emanuel Petito, Rafael Tutihashi, Wellingson Paiva, Suzana Abramovicz Mandel, Fernando Campos Gomes Pinto, Almir Ferreira de Andrade, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira and Eberval Gadelha Figueiredo

C omputer technology is increasingly being integrated into medical care. 16 , 18 , 19 Use of handheld computers has become more common among health care providers and throughout the general population. 10 , 28 , 31 , 34 In particular, over the last decade there have been rapid developments in smartphones. These mobile phones can perform many of the functions of the most sophisticated computer devices, particularly with regard to speed, storage capacity, optical resolution, and camera functionality; 17 and their compact size makes them useful in settings that

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Mohammad El-Ghanem, Fawaz Al-Mufti, Venkatraman Thulasi, Inder Paul Singh and Chirag Gandhi

treatment and the shortage of cerebrovascular specialist has led to many attempts to modify how our health care system approaches stroke care. Many of these pursuits have been spurred by modern advancements in technology and communication systems. Examples include the implementation of telestroke, educating emergency medical services (EMS) personnel in localizing lesions using screening tools, and the advent of mobile stroke units (MSUs), mobile embolectomy teams, and smartphone applications that can be used by both physicians and patients to aid stroke care. Methods

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Guo-chen Sun, Xiao-lei Chen, Yuan-zheng Hou, Xin-guang Yu, Xiao-dong Ma, Gang Liu, Lei Liu, Jia-shu Zhang, Hao Tang, Ru-Yuan Zhu, Ding-Biao Zhou and Bai-nan Xu

. We report here a simple, fast, and economical positioning and surgical procedure for endoscopic evacuation of intracerebral hematomas. The method is based on virtual reality using a hospital's picture archiving and communication system (PACS) and augmented reality using the a smartphone and the Sina neurosurgical assist Android smartphone app, which assists surgeons in precisely placing the obturator and introducing the sheath to the desired target. Methods Patient Population Twenty-five patients with a mean (± SD) age of 65.4 ± 11.1 years were included in the

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Behzad Eftekhar

insertion is based on fixed anatomical landmarks and does not take individual variation into consideration. A patient-tailored approach based on the use of augmented-reality techniques can address this shortcoming. Smartphones are popular and have potential for intra-operative use in association with augmented-reality mobile device applications (apps). Although there are available apps that could be used for EVD placement, the need for certain features and the potential for further applications by other devices like augmented-reality glasses (e.g., Google Glass) led to

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Robert P. Naftel, Nicole A. Safiano, Michael I. Falola, Chevis N. Shannon, John C. Wellons III and James M. Johnston Jr.

, Internet, and Social Media Personal Use The majority of caregivers owned computers, digital music players, and smartphones. Most (94.6%) used computers, and 86.7% had a computer at home. More caregivers had access to an iPod or digital music player (70.3%) than a smartphone (56.9%). The majority (91.7%) of caregivers surveyed used the Internet (e-caregivers), and 90.3% of e-caregivers had access at home. Most e-caregivers (62.8%) used the Internet 7 days a week, and 83.0% used the Internet most days of the week (4 or more days). E-caregivers indicated that they most

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Guillaume A. Curaudeau, Nikhil Sharma and Richard A. Rovin

paper SCAT2 survey is inconvenient to use on the sideline (especially when the weather turns foul), and dissemination of test data is more difficult. A digital format, particularly a smart-phone application, breaches these barriers. In this paper, we report our experience with the development of an iPhone app for concussion testing. Methods The app development team included a neurosurgeon (R.A.R.) to provide the medically relevant content, a graphic artist (G.A.C.) to design the user interface, and a computer programmer (N.S.) to translate the vision into the

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Nícollas Nunes Rabelo, Bruno Braga Sisnando da Costa, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira and Eberval Gadelha Figueiredo

MC , Crawford NR , Spetzler RF : The pterional-transsylvian approach: an analytical study . Neurosurgery 62 ( 6 Suppl 3 ): 1361 – 1367 , 2008 6 Mandel M , Petito CE , Tutihashi R , Paiva W , Abramovicz Mandel S , Gomes Pinto FC , : Smartphone-assisted minimally invasive neurosurgery . J Neurosurg [epub ahead of print March 13, 2018; DOI: 10.3171/2017.6.JNS1712] 7 Mandel M , Tutihashi R , Mandel SA , Teixeira MJ , Figueiredo EG : Minimally invasive transpalpebral ‘’eyelid’’ approach to unruptured middle cerebral

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Davi J. Fontoura Solla, Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira and Wellingson Silva Paiva

: Graphical presentation of probabilities . J Neurosurg 128 : 1621 – 1634 , 2018 5 Zaki M , Drazin D : Smartphone use in neurosurgery? APP-solutely! Surg Neurol Int 5 : 113 , 2014

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Faith C. Robertson, Muhammad M. Abd-El-Barr, Srinivasan Mukundan Jr. and William B. Gormley

was compared with the freehand pass technique, the Ghajar Guide tended to permit accurate ventricle placement in fewer attempts, although there was no statistically significant difference between the two techniques. 15 Since then, endoscopy, ultrasonography, and neuronavigation are being increasingly used in selected cases. A recent nationwide survey revealed that more than half of neurosurgeons and neurosurgical residents in the US prefer to use image-guided techniques, 18 and recent trials are aiming to use smartphone technology in conjunction with MRI and CT

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Gregory F. Jost, Jonas Walti, Luigi Mariani and Philippe Cattin

has been implanted. 8 On the other hand, 3D image guidance provides visualization of all planes, enabling the surgeon to maximize both length and purchase of the S2AI screw, 12 but availability of this technology is still limited. A potential low-cost alternative would be to use inertial measurement units (IMUs) to reproduce the sagittal and axial tilt angles of the S2AI trajectory. IMUs are electronic systems that power motion-sensitive applications in smartphones and tablet computers or switch the screen from portrait to landscape mode. In a previous publication