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D. J. Canale

N eurological surgery began as a special branch of surgery in the latter part of the 19th century as a result of a number of discoveries in medicine, especially the adoption of Lister's principles of aseptic surgery and the development of clinical neurology associated with the rise of the great schools of neurology. Cushing himself recognized that the foundation of neurological surgery rests on the work of Victor Horsley in England and Sir William MacEwen in Scotland. In the United States, Harvey Cushing was the preeminent figure in the development of

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Marjorie C. Wang, Frederick A. Boop, Douglas Kondziolka, Daniel K. Resnick, Steven N. Kalkanis, Elizabeth Koehnen, Nathan R. Selden, Carl B. Heilman, Alex B. Valadka, Kevin M. Cockroft, John A. Wilson, Richard G. Ellenbogen, Anthony L. Asher, Richard W. Byrne, Paul J. Camarata, Judy Huang, John J. Knightly, Elad I. Levy, Russell R. Lonser, E. Sander Connolly Jr., Fredric B. Meyer and Linda M. Liau

T he American Board of Neurological Surgery (ABNS) was incorporated on July 27, 1940. The concept of an independent board was discussed for several years prior to 1940, as neurosurgeons recognized the need for detailed training in and special qualifications for the practice of neurosurgery. Preceding events included publication of the Flexner report in 1910, 1 which raised concerns about the quality of medical education and medical schools and heightened awareness of wide variations in the quality of clinical care across the country. 2 In 1912, the Federation

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Nitin Agarwal, Michael D. White, Jonathan Cohen, L. Dade Lunsford and D. Kojo Hamilton

hepatopancreaticobiliary surgery upon graduation. 18 TABLE 1. Current neurological surgery case log defined case categories and required minimum numbers Defined Case Category Required Minimum Number Adult Cranial  DC1 Craniotomy for brain tumor 60  DC2 Craniotomy for trauma 40  Total vascular lesion (Combined DC3a and DC3b) 50  DC3a Craniotomy for intracranial vascular lesion Must be reported  DC3b Endovascular therapy for tumor or vascular lesion Must be reported  DC4 Craniotomy for pain 5  DC5 Transsphenoidal sellar/parasellar tumors (endoscopic and microsurgical) 15  DC6 Extracranial

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Nitin Agarwal, Phillip A. Choi, David O. Okonkwo, Daniel L. Barrow and Robert M. Friedlander

O btaining a position in a neurological surgery residency training program is a competitive endeavor, with costs borne disproportionately by the applicants. Neurosurgery residency programs universally participate in the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). In 2009, 295 applicants applied for 191 residency positions in neurosurgery, representing an applicant-to-position ratio of 1.5. 6 Successfully matched applicants had a mean United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1 score of 239, with an average of 7.8 abstracts, presentations

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Neurological Surgery

Its Past, Present and Future

William J. German

I wish to express my deep appreciation of the honor of serving as your president this year. May I thank you also, at this time, for the great privilege of being one of your representatives on the American Board of Neurological Surgery during the past six years. This address will be, in part, an accounting of my stewardship to you. However, I would like it to be more than that. With this meeting the Harvey Cushing Society has “come of age;“ it is twenty-one years old. It has acquired responsibilities as well as size and maturity. As the largest organization

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David G. Kline and Stephen Mahaley Jr.

one or more primary certificates ( Table 1 ). The 21 primary boards have members from their specialty societies and sometimes also from other closely related specialty boards and organizations. For example, the American Board of Neurological Surgery (ABNS) has 14 members. Nominations are provided by each of seven organizations for vacancies that occur as each elected member finishes a 6-year term on the Board. Thus, members of the ABNS are selected from nominees provided by the American College of Surgeons (one member), American Medical Association (two), American

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Robert A. Solomon

H uman civilization began about 200,000 years ago, yet the ability to perform neurological surgery has evolved in just the last 150 years. Although there are many cities that can claim to have been the incubator of modern neurological surgery, the rise of neurological surgery in New York City in the late 19th and early 20th century mirrors what was occurring around the world in the development of this marvelous surgical subspecialty. First Brain Tumor Operation in the US The first reported brain tumor operation in the US was performed in New York

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James T. Robertson

outset, this organization has assumed many responsibilities that would be the obligation of the national leader.” Among the organizational accomplishments had been the creation of the Brain Tumor Registry, establishing the Journal of Neurosurgery , and joining with the Society of Neurological Surgeons to establish the American Board of Neurological Surgery. Incredulous, he wondered how an organization of the size and stature of the Harvey Cushing Society could have escaped recognition by organized medicine. The need for responsive and assertive action was inspired by

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Women in neurological surgery

Matson Memorial Lecture

Joan L. Venes and Andrew D. Parent

In 1987, the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) and the Congress of Neurological Surgeons Joint Section on Pediatric Neurological Surgery initiated the Matson Memorial Lecture series to honor Donald Darrow Matson, one of the twentieth century pioneers in pediatric neurosurgery. This lecture is delivered annually at the AANS spring meeting. An invitation to deliver the Matson Lecture is the highest honor that the Joint Section on Pediatric Neurosurgery can bestow upon one of its members. Dr. Matson was born in Ft. Hamilton, New York, on

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Neurosurgical Forum: Letters to the Editor To The Editor K. K. Jain , M.D. Engelberg, Switzerland 872 874 I have read with interest the review article on lasers in neurosurgery by Drs. Edwards, Boggan, and Fuller (Edwards MSB, Boggan JE, Fuller TA: The laser in neurological surgery. J Neurosurg 59: 555–566, October, 1983). There were some relevant publications by Jain 2, 3 available at the time of final acceptance of their article that should have been included in the references. The authors failed to