Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 7,304 items for :

  • "mortality" x
Clear All
Restricted access

William J. German

of craniocerebral injuries with especial reference to the maximum permissible mortality and morbidity. New Engl. J. Med. , 1935 , 213 : 893 – 906 . Munro , D. The modern treatment of craniocerebral injuries with especial reference to the maximum permissible mortality and morbidity. New Engl. J. Med. , 1935, 213: 893–906. 10. Peet , M. M. Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of acute cranial and intracranial injuries. N. Y. St. J. Med. , 1928 , 28 : 555 – 562 . Peet , M. M. Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of

Restricted access

The Chemotherapy of Intracranial Infections

IV. The Treatment of Pneumococcal Meningitis by Intrathecal Administration of Penicillin

Cobb Pilcher and William F. Meacham

method of therapy, even with small dosage, was found to reduce the mortality rate and prolong the survival time. The beneficial effects of intrathecal therapy were markedly increased by the addition of the intravenous administration of penicillin (since secondary infection of the blood stream was invariably present and lobar pneumonia frequently developed if intravenous therapy were not employed). REFERENCES 1. Pilcher , C. , and Meacham , W. F. The chemotherapy of intracranial infections. III. The treatment of experimental staphylococcic

Restricted access

Gilbert Horrax

tumors in the series, and all but 3 of the 319 survivors were heard from after their discharge from the hospital. Since the last patient operated upon was in 1932, the follow-up period was from five to twenty-four years, as Henderson's data were obtained in 1936 to 1937. This report shows in convincing fashion Cushing's unexcelled supremacy in the surgical treatment of pituitary disorders. His total operative mortality for the chromophobe adenomas (260 patients) was 4.9 per cent, reduced to 2.4 per cent during his last ten years. For acromegalics (67 patients) the

Restricted access

contributions to military surgery augmented the record of the Medical Department of the U. S. Army in World War No. 1 enormously. With the beginning of that conflict, he turned his interest to the military and devoted his time and energy throughout the whole war to improving the surgical management of the wounded. Both as an active operating surgeon with our own and the British Expeditionary Forces, he contributed his mature experience to the end that intracranial injuries were handled expeditiously and with a hugely lessened mortality. It is safe to say that his invaluable

Restricted access

Burton M. Shinners and Wallace B. Hamby

the same year, Dandy 3 reported that he had seen no recurrences in his patients. Echols 4 followed up 40 of 50 patients: 29 were classified as having had successful results, 8 improved and 8 unimproved. In 1943, VerBrugghen 7 reported the results of 66 patients followed up in a group of 75. They were classified as excellent (15 per cent), good (68 per cent), fair (11 per cent), and poor (6 per cent). In the same year, Love and Walsh 5 wrote concerning the results in 750 cases. The mortality rate was less than 0.25 per cent and the rate of recurrence

Restricted access

brain wounds; total mortality rates vary widely with the distance of the neurosurgeon from the front line. It will be seen from Table II that in the last war about one-third of Cushing's brain injuries died of intracranial infection. In this war behind the German Army in Russia one-third of Sorgo's cases died of intracranial infection. In the present series from Sicily and an earlier series (K.C.E.) from the Western Desert-Tunis battles the incidence of fatal intracranial infection was less than 1 in 10. In Eden's Western Desert series fewer wounds were closed and

Restricted access

Abraham Kaplan

cribriform plate, 8, 13, 14 erosion into the anterior cranial fossa by an orbito-ethmoidal osteoma, 7, 10 downward extension of a pituitary neoplasm through the sphenoidal sinus, 16 and craniotomy. Meningitis is, of course, the greatly feared complication of cerebrospinal rhinorrhea and in untreated cases the mortality varies from 40 to 50 per cent. 3, 4, 11 However, with the use of sulfonamide drugs the outlook today is more favorable. Measures including rest, dependent posture, and a decrease in intracranial pressure favor the stoppage of cerebrospinal rhinorrhea

Restricted access

Edgar F. Fincher, Bronson S. Ray, Harold J. Stewart, Edgar F. Fincher, T. C. Erickson, L. W. Paul, Franc D. Ingraham, Orville T. Bailey, Frank E. Nulsen, James W. Watts, Walter Freeman, C. G. de Gutiérrez-Mahoney, Frank Turnbull, Carl F. List, William J. German, A. Earl Walker, J. Grafton Love, Francis C. Grant, I. M. Tarlov, Thomas I. Hoen and Rupert B. Raney

't tell you how many had to change their type of work. Twenty-nine, in answer to the question “Is your back weak?” said “yes.” One of the most important things, as I have said, is what one does to the disc. We clean it out thoroughly and, in a good many, subsequent roentgenograms show that solid joints have resulted. I have heard of those cases of injury to the aorta Dr. Love mentioned but I still feel one ought to be able to stay inside the anterior ligament. There are now many thousands of cases operated on with a very small mortality. In 600 cases done by me in the

Restricted access

Orville T. Bailey and Franc D. Ingraham

– 901 . Cottrell , L. Primary fibrosarcoma of the brain. Arch. Path. , 1939, 27: 895–901. 6. Cushing , H. Intracranial tumours. Notes upon a series of two thousand verified cases with surgical-mortality percentages pertaining thereto. Springfield, Ill. : Charles C Thomas , 1932 , 150 pp. Cushing , H. Intracranial tumours. Notes upon a series of two thousand verified cases with surgical-mortality percentages pertaining thereto. Springfield, Ill.: Charles C Thomas , 1932, 150 pp. 7. Cushing , H. and Eisenhardt

Restricted access

I. M. Tarlov and J. A. Epstein

tissue derived from the epineurium and perineurium of the filaments of the cable was thought to be disadvantageous in that the downgrowth of axis cylinders from the central stump might be impeded. Moreover this procedure necessitated the excision of 5 to 6 intercostal nerves and the dogs and monkeys did not tolerate this operation well—the mortality rate was high. For these reasons, chiefly the second, it was decided to use cable grafts formed from thicker strands of dog cadaver nerve. The cable was formed from 4 to 5 strands of brachial nerves (twice or more as thick