Heilung. Dtsch Z Chirurgie 100 : 13 – 37 , 1909 Kocher T: Ein Fall von Hypophysis-Tumor mit operativer Heilung. Dtsch Z Chirurgie 100: 13–37, 1909 18. Kocher T : Operative Surgery. New York : William Wood , 1894 Kocher T: Operative Surgery. New York: William Wood, 1894 19. Landolt AM : History of pituitary surgery , in Greenblatt SH , Dagi TF , Epstein MH (eds): A History of Neurosurgery: In its Scientific and Professional Contexts. Park Ridge, IL : AANS , 1997
Giuseppe Lanzino and Edward R. Laws Jr.
Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol, James K. Liu and Edward R. Laws Jr.
turbinates. 14, 15 Kanavel in 1909, 11 and Halstead, 7 Kocher, 12 and Hirsch 9 in 1910 reported variations of the procedure that simplified the transsphenoidal technique through the introduction of midline inferior nasal approaches. Cushing subsequently perfected and popularized the sublabial—transsphenoidal route in 1912. 3 At the time, intracranial surgical techniques did not provide a safe corridor to the sellar region. Cushing (with the sublabial technique) and Oskar Hirsch (with the endonasal technique) shaped the early history of pituitary surgery. Cushing
John A. Jane Jr., Larry D. Sulton and Edward R. Laws Jr.
Hernesniemi J: Mechanisms to improve treatment standards in neurosurgery, cerebral aneurysm surgery as example. Acta Neurochir Suppl 78: 127–134, 2001 14. Jane JA Jr , Thapar K , Laws ER Jr : A history of pituitary surgery. Oper Techn Neurosurg 5 : 200 – 209 , 2002 Jane JA Jr, Thapar K, Laws ER Jr: A history of pituitary surgery. Oper Techn Neurosurg 5: 200–209, 2002 15. Kresowik TF , Hemann RA , Grund SL , Hendel ME , Brenton M , Wiblin RT , et al : Improving the outcomes
Chirag D. Gandhi, Lana D. Christiano, Jean Anderson Eloy, Charles J. Prestigiacomo and Kalmon D. Post
chiasm, with a proposal how to reach the same by operation . Ann Surg 40 : 35 – 43 , 1904 40 Kitano M , Taneda M : Extended transsphenoidal approach with submucosal posterior ethmoidectomy for parasellar tumors . J Neurosurg 94 : 999 – 1004 , 2001 41 Landolt AM : History of pituitary surgery from the technical aspect . Neurosurg Clin N Am 12 : 37 – 44 , 2001 42 Laws ER Jr , Onofrio BM , Pearson BW , McDonald TJ , Dirrenberger RAR : Successful management of bilateral carotid-cavernous fistulae with a transsphenoidal approach
Gautam U. Mehta, Russell R. Lonser and Edward H. Oldfield
understand the history of pituitary surgery for CD and the factors underlying the delay in its acceptance. Pituitary Surgery for CD Harvey Cushing (Description of CD) Harvey Cushing was an early advocate of pituitary surgery and many contemporary pituitary surgeons can trace their professional lineage to him and his trainees. 31 Cushing first attributed the clinical syndrome of cortisol excess to basophilic adenomas of the pituitary gland. 15 Despite the fact that Cushing correctly identified the cause of CD, he never operated on the pituitary gland of a
The history of pituitary surgery for Cushing disease Gautam U. Mehta Russell R. Lonser Edward H. Oldfield 2 2012 116 2 261 268 10.3171/2011.8.JNS102005 2011.8.JNS102005 Editorial: Invasion of the corticotrophs Marc R. Mayberg 2 2012 116 2 269 271 10.3171/2011.7.JNS11976 2011.7.JNS11976 Prospective evaluation of the characteristics and incidence of adenoma-associated dural invasion in Cushing disease Russell R. Lonser Alexander Ksendzovsky Joshua J. Wind Alexander O. Vortmeyer Edward H. Oldfield 2 2012 116 2 272 279 10.3171/2011.8.JNS11456 2011.8.JNS
Nabil Eid, Yuko Ito and Yoshinori Otsuki
T o T he E ditor : We read with interest the recently published article by Mehta et al. 5 (Mehta GU, Lonser RR, Oldfield EH: The history of pituitary surgery for Cushing disease. Historical vignette. J Neurosurg 116: 261–268, February 2012). The authors mentioned that the current treatment of choice for pituitary adenoma is selective adenomectomy by transsphenoidal pituitary surgery. Because their article is a historical vignette, we would like to add some important data regarding the history of transsphenoidal approach in pituitary surgery. Almost
Dueng-Yuan Hueng, Hsin-I Ma and Chien-Min Chen
: Prospective evaluation of the characteristics and incidence of adenoma-associated dural invasion in Cushing disease. Clinical article . J Neurosurg 116 : 272 – 279 , 2012 4 Mehta GU , Lonser RR , Oldfield EH : The history of pituitary surgery for Cushing disease. Historical vignette . J Neurosurg 116 : 261 – 268 , 2012 5 Meij BP , Lopes MB , Ellegala DB , Alden TD , Laws ER Jr : The long-term significance of microscopic dural invasion in 354 patients with pituitary adenomas treated with transsphenoidal surgery . J Neurosurg 96 : 195
Smruti K. Patel, Qasim Husain, Jean Anderson Eloy, William T. Couldwell and James K. Liu
Hypophysis tumor mit operativer Heilung . Dtsch Z Chir 100 : 13 – 37 , 1909 36 Landolt A , History of pituitary surgery . Greenblatt SH , Dagi T , Epstein M : A History of Neurosurgery in its Scientific and Professional Contexts Park Ridge, IL , American Association of Neurological Surgeons , 1997 . 373 – 400 37 Lanzino G , Catapono D , Laws ER , History of transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary tumors . Laws ER , Lanzino G : Transsphenoidal Surgery Philadelphia , Saunders , 2010 . 4 – 9 38 Lanzino G , Laws ER : Key