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Paul H. Crandall and Ulrich Batzdorf

radiological findings which can be correlated with the neurological picture? This question presents a problem especially when the differential diagnosis includes so-called “degenerative disease” of the central nervous system in older patients with co-existing disc degeneration. What are the relative merits and indications among the surgical approaches available now? This question is complicated by the fact that some part of the disability may be irreversible. Between 1953 and 1964, 199 patients with a diagnosis of cervical spondylotic myelopathy were admitted to our

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Alf Breig, Ian Turnbull and Ove Hassler

'origine artérielle. Thèse. Paris : Masson et Cie , 1960 , 321 pp. Corbin , J. L. Recherches anatomiques sur la vascularisation artérielle de la moelle; leur contribution à l'étude de l'ischémie médullaire d'origine artérielle. Thèse . Paris: Masson et Cie, 1960, 321 pp. 16. Epstein , J. A. , Epstein , B. S. , and Lavine , L. S. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy. The syndrome of the narrow canal treated by laminectomy, foramenotomy, and the removal of osteophytes. Archs Neurol., Chicago , 1963 , 8 : 307 – 317 . Epstein , J

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Turnbull Ove Hassler July 1966 25 1 45 56 10.3171/jns.1966.25.1.0045 Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Paul H. Crandall Ulrich Batzdorf July 1966 25 1 57 66 10.3171/jns.1966.25.1.0057 The Reliability of Reconstructed Ventricular Landmarks for Localization of Depth Electrodes in Man E. S. Flamm J. M. Van Buren July 1966 25 1 67 72 10.3171/jns.1966.25.1.0067 Aneurysms of the Anterior Communicating Artery and Gross Anomalies of the Circle of Willis Homer D. Kirgis William L. Fisher Raeburn C. Llewellyn Edward McC. Peebles July 1966 25 1 73 78 10

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H. Verbiest and H. D. Paz Y Geuse

finding was confirmed by other authors. 11, 22, 32 Albouker, et al. , 1 stated recently that all their paraplegic patients had, besides their disc protrusions, extensive dysmorphic stenosis of the cervical spinal canal which narrowed the sagittal as well as the transverse diameter. In this series, we are reporting anterior operations for cervical spondylotic myelopathy that were only performed in cases of localized (focal) pressure on the spinal cord. Where there was extensive, abnormal narrowness of the cervical spinal canal, we performed decompressive posterior

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Galera G. Rafael and Davut Tovi

Hospital during the last 7 years and operated on by the technique developed by Cloward. 6 Material and Methods Case Material Between 1959 and 1965, we operated on 59 patients suffering from cervical spondylotic myelopathy and/or rhizopathy, using Cloward's technique. Eight of these patients are eliminated from this review, because four had not been available for postoperative follow-up, three had undergone previous operative procedures, and one had multiple sclerosis. Therefore, only 51 patients are included in this series. There were 27 males and 24 females

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Respiratory Hazards of High Cervical Percutaneous Cordotomy S. Mullan Y. Hosobuchi April 1968 28 4 291 297 10.3171/jns.1968.28.4.0291 Electrothoracic Artificial Respiration Jewell L. Osterholm Thomas Hooker Jack Pyneson April 1968 28 4 298 304 10.3171/jns.1968.28.4.0298 Anterior Disc Excision with Interbody Fusion in Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy and Rhizopathy Rafael Galera G. Davut Tovi April 1968 28 4 305 310 10.3171/jns.1968.28.4.0305 Severe Injuries of the Cervical Spine Treated by Early Anterior Interbody Fusion and Ambulation Richard B

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H. A. Wilkinson, M. L. LeMay and E. J. Ferris

or myelopathy: cord width greater than 20 mm, change in cord width greater than 2 mm, canal width less than 22 mm, and cord/canal ratio greater than 90%. Although a considerably larger percentage of patients with myelopathy showed narrowing of canal width than did patients with radiculopathy, there was little difference between the two groups in measurements of absolute cord width or change in cord width. Thus, spinal cord flattening would seem to be a relatively unreliable radiographic concomitant of cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Conclusions As others

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Joseph A. Epstein, Robert Carras, Leroy S. Lavine and Bernard S. Epstein

. Cervical myelopathy. A complication of cervical spondylosis. Brain , 1956, 79: 483–510. 9. Cloward , R. B. The anterior approach for removal of ruptured cervical disks. J. Neurosurg. , 1958 , 15 : 602 – 617 . Cloward , R. B. The anterior approach for removal of ruptured cervical disks. J. Neurosurg. , 1958, 15: 602–617. 10. Crandall , P. H. , and Batzdorf , U. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy. J. Neurosurg. , 1966 , 25 : 57 – 66 . Crandall , P. H., and Batzdorf , U. Cervical spondylotic

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Charles B. Wilson

provide insight into the more complicated problem of cervical spondylotic myelopathy and radiculopathy. The difficulty of separating postural from vascular factors is illustrated in a patient (described by Blau and Logue 3 ) who developed symptoms after standing, but whose peripheral pulses in the legs were just palpable. Intermittent Claudication Due to Ischemic Muscle True intermittent claudication constitutes one of the most specific symptoms in medicine. 1, 30 This angina of contracting somatic muscle is due almost always to chronic occlusive arterial

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Joseph A. Epstein, Robert Carras, Bernard S. Epstein and Leroy S. Levine

: 45 – 56 . Breig , A., Turnbull , I., and Hassler , O. Effects of mechanical stresses on the spinal cord in cervical spondylosis. A study on fresh cadaver material. J. Neurosurg. , 1966, 25: 45–56. 3. Crandall , P. H. , and Batzdorf , U. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy. J. Neurosurg. , 1966 , 25 : 57 – 66 . Crandall , P. H., and Batzdorf , U. Cervical spondylotic myelopathy. J. Neurosurg. , 1966, 25: 57–66. 4. Epstein , J. A. , Carras , R. C. , Lavine , L. S. , and Epstein , B. S