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Wesley J. Whitson, Perry A. Ball, S. Scott Lollis, Jason D. Balkman and David F. Bauer

metabolism. 13 This leads to initially inadequate antibiotic coverage of postoperative infections. Mycoplasma hominis is known to asymptomatically colonize the genitourinary system, where it acts as a parasite living on the nutrients available. It is typically unable to infiltrate beyond the submucosa of the genitourinary tract. When acting in a virulent manner, it has been most commonly implicated in cases of cervicitis, urinary tract infections (UTIs), pelvic inflammatory disease, postpartum infections, and postabortal fever. 13 However, small numbers of infections

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Masanori Sato, Noriko Kubota, Yoshihiko Katsuyama, Yota Suzuki, Yosuke Miyairi, Kisei Minami and Masashi Kasai

urogenital mycoplasmas Ureaplasma spp, Mycoplasma hominis and Mycoplasma genitalium and Chlamydia trachomatis . Clin Microbiol Infect 14 : 801 – 805 , 2008 3 Blanchard A , Yáñez A , Dybvig K , Watson HL , Griffiths G , Cassell GH : Evaluation of intraspecies genetic variation within the 16S rRNA gene of Mycoplasma hominis and detection by polymerase chain reaction . J Clin Microbiol 31 : 1358 – 1361 , 1993 4 Cherry JD , Quanquin NM , Mycoplasma hominis . Cherry J , Demmler-Harrison G , Kaplan S , : Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of

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Marlina E. Lovett, Zubin S. Shah, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Eric Sribnick, Adam Ostendorf, Melissa G. Chung, Jeffrey Leonard and Nicole F. O’Brien

) X Eikenella corrodens (1) X S. anginosus (5) X X XXX P. acnes (2) XX Mycoplasma hominis (1) X Toxoplasma gondii (1) X H. influenzae (1) X Group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus (1) X MRSA = methicillin-resistant S. aureus ; MSSA = methicillin-sensitive S. aureus . Each X indicates a single case of infection with the specified organism. Some children were infected with more than 1 bacterial pathogen. Imaging All patients underwent a head CT scan. All but 1 patient underwent MRI. Cerebral edema was present in 16 (36%) patients (5 with SE/SA, 1 with EA, 6