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Amitabh Gupta and Anthony E. Lang

mildly progressed over 5 years. Cervical spine MR imaging showed degenerative spine disease but no evidence of root or cord compression. Electromyography and nerve conduction studies were unremarkable. Blood work was negative for human immunodeficiency virus, antinuclear antibody, vitamin B12, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and a limited paraneoplastic panel. On examination, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment 5 score was 23/30, with deficits mostly in the executive function and attention domains. She had a Myerson's sign and a pout reflex. Her strength, tone

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Erez Nossek, Idit Matot, Tal Shahar, Ori Barzilai, Yoni Rapoport, Tal Gonen, Gal Sela, Akiva Korn, Daniel Hayat and Zvi Ram

below. The neuropsychological evaluation included a short interview with the patient and a family member followed by a battery of cognitive tests: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–III Similarities and Digit Span, 51 the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, 37 the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test, 12 naming, 19 verbal fluency (semantic and phonetic), 18 Wechsler Memory Scale–III Spatial Span, 52 and the Stroop test 46 or the Montreal Cognitive Assessment test. 29 Several questionnaires were administered to evaluate the patient's emotional status and his or her

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Alan K. H. Tam, Anish Kapadia, Don Ilodigwe, Zeyu Li, Tom A. Schweizer and R. Loch Macdonald

-grade patients after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and surgery: a prospective study . J Neurosurg 74 : 14 – 20 , 1991 23 Pendlebury ST , Cuthbertson FC , Welch SJ , Mehta Z , Rothwell PM : Underestimation of cognitive impairment by Mini-Mental State Examination versus the Montreal Cognitive Assessment in patients with transient ischemic attack and stroke: a population-based study . Stroke 41 : 1290 – 1293 , 2010 24 Risselada R , Lingsma HF , Bauer-Mehren A , Friedrich CM , Molyneux AJ , Kerr RS , : Prediction of 60 day case

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Michael J. Bonares, Peter Egeto, Airton Leonardo de Oliveira Manoel, Kristin A. Vesely, R. Loch Macdonald and Tom A. Schweizer

general cognitive ability might not be sensitive enough to detect the subtle deficits associated with UIA. This proposal is supported by the finding that the MMSE is less sensitive for detecting stroke-related cognitive impairment compared with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, 22 , 30 which is another measure of general cognition and is specialized to detect mild cognitive deficits. Rather, a series of measures for different cognitive domains might be necessary to detect the unique pattern of cognitive impairment, as was demonstrated by the other analyses in this

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Jill L. Ostrem, Nathan Ziman, Nicholas B. Galifianakis, Philip A. Starr, Marta San Luciano, Maya Katz, Caroline A. Racine, Alastair J. Martin, Leslie C. Markun and Paul S. Larson

programming settings, active contact location, and adverse events were also recorded at baseline and 12 months. Patients also underwent comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation in the “on” medication state at baseline and 12 months using the following battery: Montreal Cognitive Assessment, 20 portions of the Neuropsychological Assessment Battery, portions of the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function Scale, Symbol-Digit Modality Test, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure, Boston Naming Test, Letter and Animal Fluency, Beck Depression Inventory, 2 and Beck Anxiety Inventory. 1

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Jeffrey A. Herron, Margaret C. Thompson, Timothy Brown, Howard J. Chizeck, Jeffrey G. Ojemann and Andrew L. Ko

impacted his activities of daily life, particularly when eating and drinking. The patient did not drink alcohol and did not notice that alcohol improved his tremor. His family history was unknown as he was adopted. Propranolol did not have significant benefit, and a trial of primidone was not tolerated because of side effects. On neurological examination, his affect and speech were normal. He scored 29/30 on the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). He had no hypomimia or hypophonia. Cranial nerves II–XII were intact. He had no motor or sensory deficits. He had no ataxia

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Fedor Panov, Emily Levin, Coralie de Hemptinne, Nicole C. Swann, Salman Qasim, Svjetlana Miocinovic, Jill L. Ostrem and Philip A. Starr

study participation if they were scheduled to undergo surgical treatment for Parkinson's disease, dystonia, or essential tremor in the awake state. Indications for DBS therapy or a lesioning procedure at our center have been previously described. 14 , 24 , 31 The exclusion criteria for study participation were general anesthesia required for lead implantation surgery, excessive anxiety about undergoing awake surgery, borderline cognitive function (Montreal Cognitive Assessment score < 24), or significant brain atrophy on preoperative MRI. This study was approved by

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Roman Schniepp, Raimund Trabold, Alexander Romagna, Farhoud Akrami, Kristin Hesselbarth, Max Wuehr, Aurelia Peraud, Thomas Brandt, Marianne Dieterich and Klaus Jahn

, and vestibular testing. Cognition was assessed using either the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) or the Montréal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). 30 , 43 Lumbar Puncture Procedures If a suspected diagnosis of iNPH could not be rejected, patients underwent an LP procedure, during which 30–50 ml of CSF was removed. Gait performance was evaluated before the LP (time point [TP]0), 1–8 hours after the LP (TP1), 24 hours after LP (TP2), 48 hours after LP (TP3), and 72 hours after LP (TP4). Gait Assessment Gait performance was measured using a pressure

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Naif M. Alotaibi, Daipayan Guha, Christopher S. Ahuja, Julian Spears, Paul J. Muller, William S. Tucker, Alan R. Hudson and R. Loch Macdonald

of nestin in adenohypophysial vessels during development of pituitary infarction . J Neurosurg 108 : 118 – 123 , 2008 10.3171/JNS/2008/108/01/0118 18173320 49 Salehi F , Kovacs K , Scheithauer BW , Lloyd RV , Cusimano M : Pituitary tumor-transforming gene in endocrine and other neoplasms: a review and update . Endocr Relat Cancer 15 : 721 – 743 , 2008 10.1677/ERC-08-0012 18753362 50 Schweizer TA , Al-Khindi T , Macdonald RL : Mini-Mental State Examination versus Montreal Cognitive Assessment: rapid assessment tools for cognitive and