✓Several neurosurgical studies have provided descriptions of the utility of fluorescence-guided tumor resection using a microscope. However, fluorescence-guided endoscopic detection of a deep-seated brain tumor has not yet been reported. The authors report their experience with an endoscopic biopsy procedure for a malignant glioma within the third ventricle using a 5–aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)–induced protoporphyrin IX fluorescence imaging system. A 5-ALA–induced fluorescence image of an intraventricular tumor is barely visible with the typical fluorescence endoscopic system used in other clinical fields because the intensity of excitation light at wavelengths of 390 to 405 nm through a cutoff filter is too weak to delineate a brain tumor.
The technique described in this study made use of a laser illumination system with a high-powered output that delivered a violet-blue light at wavelengths of 405 nm. In addition, a common ultraviolet cutoff filter was fitted between the endoscope and the high-sensitivity camera to block the backscattered excitation light. A 5-ALA–induced fluorescence endoscopy performed using this system allowed the intraventricular tumor to be clearly visualized as a red fluorescent lesion. Several biopsy specimens obtained from the fluorescent lesion provided a definitive histological diagnosis. The results indicate that this endoscopic system is useful in detecting an intraventricular fluorescent tumor.