Recent reports suggest that high-frequency epileptic activity is highly localized to epileptogenic zones. The goal of the present study was to investigate the potential usefulness of noninvasive localization of high-frequency epileptic activity for epilepsy surgery.
Data obtained in 4 patients, who had seizures during routine magnetoencephalography (MEG) tests, were retrospectively studied. The MEG data were digitized at 4000 Hz, and 3D MR images were obtained. The magnetic sources were volumetrically localized with wavelet-based beamformer. The MEG results were subsequently compared with clinical data.
The 4 patients had 1–4 high-frequency neuromagnetic components (110–910 Hz) in ictal and interictal activities. The loci of high-frequency activities were concordant with intracranial recordings therein 3 patients, who underwent presurgical evaluation. The loci of high-frequency ictal activities were in line with semiology and neuroimaging in all 4 of the patients. High-frequency epileptic activity was highly localized to the epileptogenic zones.
High-frequency epileptic activity can be volumetrically localized with MEG. Source analysis of high-frequency neuromagnetic signals has the potential to determine epileptogenic zones noninvasively and preoperatively for epilepsy surgery.