Shinichiro Miyazaki, Takanori Fukushima and Takamitsu Fujimaki
✓ Two patients with large high-cervical paragangliomas were treated with radical resection and placement of a cervical-to-petrous internal carotid artery saphenous vein bypass. The high-cervical and infratemporal segments of the internal carotid artery engulfed within the tumor were resected and successfully replaced with a saphenous vein interposition graft. The postoperative course was uneventful in both cases and follow-up angiography revealed satisfactory reconstruction of the high-cervical and infratemporal skull base carotid artery. The operative technique, indications, and potential future applications of this newly developed skull base bypass procedure are discussed.
Takamitsu Fujimaki, Takanori Fukushima and Shinichiro Miyazaki
✓ The results in 122 patients with trigeminal neuralgia who underwent percutaneous retrogasserian glycerol injection are presented. Eighty patients were followed from 38 to 54 months. The recurrence rate at 54 months was 72% (Kaplan-Meier analysis), and the median pain-free interval was 32 months. Complications associated with the procedure were significantly high: 63% of the patients had definite hypesthesia of the face and 29% had unpleasant dysesthesias, including two cases of anesthesia dolorosa. Sensory disturbances were most frequent in patients who had received a previous alcohol block procedure. Among the patients without previous peripheral procedures, 50% developed sensory disturbances. Because of the high rates of recurrence and sensory disturbances, the authors prefer microvascular decompression for the management of trigeminal neuralgia.
Takamitsu Fujimaki, Masao Matsutani, Akio Asai, Takeshi Kohno and Morio Koike
✓ A case of cerebral venous thrombosis due to polycythemia secondary to adaptation to a high altitude is reported. A 27-year-old previously healthy man developed severe neurological symptoms after climbing 8511m. Computerized tomography and cerebral angiography suggested hemorrhagic infarction or intratumoral hemorrhage, and a craniotomy was performed. Pathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of hemorrhagic infarction secondary to cortical venous thrombosis. The etiology and incidence of cerebral venous thrombosis secondary to polycythemia are discussed.
Akio Asai, Masao Matsutani, Takeshi Kohno, Takamitsu Fujimaki, Hideki Tanaka, Kenji Kawaguchi, Morio Koike and Kintomo Takakura
✓ An extremely rare case of isolated histioproliferative lesions arising from the subarachnoid space of the left occipital convexity and the orbit is presented. The presence of histiocytes showing lymphophagocytosis and positivity for S-100 protein staining confirmed that the lesions represented extranodal forms of sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy.
Jae-Hyun Son, Takamitsu Fujimaki, Yoshiaki Tsuchiya, Teruyuki Ishii, Kiyoshi Takagi and Tadayoshi Nakagomi
✓ In most cases of pituitary cyst there are no clinical symptoms and the lesions are found incidentally. The authors report the case of a 60-year-old man with a pituitary cyst causing visual disturbance and hyponatremia. The patient presented with appetite loss and general fatigue. On admission, blood workup showed severe hyponatremia (112 mEq/L), and bitemporal hemianopsia was observed on neurological examination. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an intra- and suprasellar region cystic mass extending to the frontal base and hypothalamic area. The serum level of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) was elevated (92 pg/ml) with polyuria and excessive Na excretion. Transsphenoidal surgery was performed to drain the cyst. The cyst wall was partially excised and the cystic fluid was aspirated. The secretion of BNP normalized postoperatively, and the hyponatremia and visual symptoms resolved. Histological examination, including an electron microscopy study, confirmed the diagnosis of a simple cyst. This appears to be the first reported case of a pituitary simple cyst associated with hyponatremia and an elevated BNP level.
Kazuhide Furuya, Tomio Sasaki, Yuhei Yoshimoto, Yoshifumi Okada, Takamitsu Fujimaki and Takaaki Kirino
✓ Multiple aneurysm formation secondary to an embolism from the cardiac myxoma is a well-known phenomenon. The cerebral arterial aneurysm formation process involved remains to be elucidated, although occupation of the arterial wall by tumor cells has been proven histologically. The authors present the case of a patient in whom tumor cells in the aneurysm wall were demonstrated and penetration of viable myxoma cells into the wall was also observed 19 months after surgical removal of the cardiac tumor. Such findings have never before been verified histologically. In light of the histological findings, the authors discuss the therapeutic problems associated with cerebral aneurysms resulting from cardiac myxoma.