Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 46 items for

  • Author or Editor: Takaaki Kirino x
  • All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

Han Soo Chang and Takaaki Kirino

✓ The indications for surgery on unruptured asymptomatic cerebral aneurysms are still unclear. In this report, the authors use mathematical methods to attempt to quantify the benefit of surgery for unruptured aneurysms.

Theoretical survival curves for either operative or conservative treatment were obtained by solving differential equations on the survival rate of a patient harboring an unruptured aneurysm. Patients' life expectancies were calculated as areas under these curves, and operative benefit was quantified as a gain in average life expectancy. To analyze morbidity, two concepts were introduced: premorbid survival rate and average premorbid survival period, and the operative gain of average premorbid survival period was calculated under certain assumptions.

Larger operative benefit was observed in younger patients, with increasingly less benefit in the elderly. The operative gain of average life expectancy was 3.9 years for a 40-year-old patient, 2.4 years for 50, 1.3 years for 60, and 0.6 years for a 70-year-old. Quantified operative benefit is presented in a table for various patient ages, yearly rupture rates, and expected operative morbidity and mortality.

This mathematical method would be useful to both surgeons and patients in making their decisions on surgery.

Restricted access

Kazuo Tsutsumi, Keisuke Ueki, Akio Morita, and Takaaki Kirino

Object. Controversy still exists about the risk estimation for rupture of untreated saccular aneurysms presenting for causes other than subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The object of this study was to address this issue.

Methods. Between January 1976 and December 1997 in the Aizu Chuou Hospital, 62 patients underwent observation for more than 6 months for saccular, nonthrombotic, noncalcified unruptured aneurysms at locations not related to the cavernous sinus, which were detected in cerebral angiography studies performed for causes other than SAH. Clinical follow-up data in those 62 patients were reviewed to identify the risk of SAH.

All patients were followed until July 1998, with the observation period ranging from 6 months to 17 years (mean 4.3 years). Seven patients (11.3%) developed SAH confirmed on computerized tomography (CT) scanning at a mean interval of 4.8 years, six of whom died and one of whom recovered with a major deficit. In addition, one patient died of the mass effect of the aneurysm, and another after sudden onset of headache and vomiting. The 5- and 10-year cumulative risks of CT-confirmed SAH calculated by the Kaplan—Meier method were 7.5% and 22.1%, respectively, for total cases, 33.5% and 55.9%, respectively, for large (> 10 mm) aneurysms, and 4.5% and 13.9%, respectively, for small (< 10 mm) aneurysms.

Conclusions. Although based on a relatively small, single-institution series, our data indicated that the risk of rupture from incidental, intradural, saccular aneurysms was higher than previously reported, and may support preventive surgical treatment of incidental aneurysms, considering the fatality rate of SAH.

Restricted access

Keisuke Maruyama, Masahiro Shin, Hiroki Kurita, Masao Tago, and Takaaki Kirino

✓The authors present a case of ruptured dural arteriovenous fistula primarily draining into the superior sagittal sinus, which was successfully treated by gamma knife radiosurgery.

Restricted access

Akio Morita, Satoru Fujiwara, Kazuo Hashi, Hiroshi Ohtsu, and Takaaki Kirino

Object. Knowing the rate of rupture associated with unruptured cerebral aneurysms (UCAs) can help surgeons determine a case management strategy in patients harboring these lesions. According to large-scale cohort studies involving populations in North America and Europe, small unruptured aneurysms carry a very low risk of rupture. In Japan, however, there have been sporadic reports of higher rates of rupture. To identify the rupture risk associated with UCAs in the Japanese population, the authors systematically reviewed retrospective studies of the natural course of these lesions.

Methods. The authors searched Medline and the Japan Medical Abstract Society Index for reports of UCAs in Japan. Two of the authors verified the eligibility of the reports and extracted data independently. Additional information was directly obtained from the authors of the original reports.

Thirteen reports covering a total of 3801 patient-years fulfilled the criteria for our study. Subsequent rupture was documented in 104 patients and the annual rupture rate was 2.7% (95% confidence interval 2.2–3.3%). Large, posterior-circulation, and symptomatic aneurysms were associated with significantly higher rates of rupture (relative risks 6.4, 2.3, and 2.1, respectively). The risk of rupture determined by the authors' review was significantly higher than that reported by investigators from international cohort studies.

Conclusions. Although a selection bias of patients may be the cause of the higher rupture risk, untreated UCAs that have been followed in Japanese institutions have a considerably high rate of rupture. The natural course of UCAs should be carefully estimated in countries not included in the international studies.

Restricted access

Shinji Hotta, Akio Morita, Atsushi Seichi, and Takaaki Kirino

✓ The authors report an unusual case of a patient with combined vertebral artery and Chiari malformation anomalies. Unless such anomalies are properly recognized prior to decompression and fusion, this condition can have grave surgical consequences. The diagnostic and surgery-related implications of such anomalous codiseases are discussed.

Restricted access

Tomio Sasaki, Susumu Wakai, Takao Asano, Takashi Watanabe, Takaaki Kirino, and Keiji Sano

✓ The in vivo spasmogenic capacity of a lipid hydroperoxide (15-hydroperoxy arachidonic acid: 15-HPAA) was studied in a chronic experiment using the dog. The 15-HPAA was injected into the cisterna magna (0.2 or 2 mg emulsified in bovine serum albumin solution). The changes in diameter of the basilar artery were followed by angiography, and the morphological changes were studied by electron microscopy. The cisternal injection of 0.2 mg of 15-HPAA caused a mild constriction of the basilar artery which lasted about 7 hours. The cisternal injection of 2 mg of 15-HPAA caused a biphasic constriction, the initial phase of which was a moderate narrowing lasting about 10 hours. The second phase started on the 2nd or the 3rd day after injection. The intensity of the arterial narrowing was more pronounced in the second phase than in the first. The prolonged secondary constriction of the basilar artery continued until sacrifice on the 7th day after injection.

Electron microscopic study revealed a marked degenerative change in the endothelium and myonecrotic changes in the tunica media. The prolonged arterial constriction in the second phase was invariably associated with remarkable degeneration of the endothelium. On the other hand, myonecrotic changes were limited to a small number of smooth-muscle cells.

The results of the present study are consonant with the hypothesis that lipid peroxidation associated with lysis of the subarachnoid clot is involved in the genesis of chronic vasospasm in subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Restricted access

Tomio Sasaki, Makoto Taniguchi, Ichiro Suzuki, and Takaaki Kirino

✓ The authors report a new technique for en bloc petrosectomy using a Gigli saw as an alternative to drilling the petrous bone in the combined supra- and infratentorial approach or the transpetrosal—transtentorial approach. It is simple and easy and avoids postoperative cosmetic deformity. This technique has been performed in 11 petroclival lesions without injuring the semicircular canals, the cochlea, or the facial nerve.

Restricted access

Tetsuhiro Nishihara, Akira Teraoka, Akio Morita, Keisuke Ueki, Keisuke Takai, and Takaaki Kirino

✓ The authors advocate the use of a transparent sheath for guiding an endoscope, a simple and unique tool for endoscopic surgery, and describe preliminary results of its application in the evacuation of hypertensive intracerebral hematomas. This sheath is a 10-cm-long tube made of clear acrylic plastic, which greatly improves visualization of the surgical field through a 2.7-mm nonangled endoscope inserted within. Between April 1997 and December 1998, the authors performed endoscopic evacuation of intracerebral hematomas by using this sheath inserted into the patients' heads through a burr hole. In nine consecutive cases in which the hematoma was larger than 40 ml in volume, nearly complete evacuation (86–100%) of the lesion was achieved without complication. Excellent visualization of the border between the brain parenchyma and the hematoma facilitated accurate intraoperative orientation, and also allowed easy identification of the bleeding point. Thus, this combination of sheath and endoscope achieves both minimal invasiveness and the maximum extent of hematoma removal with secure hemostasis. This tool will reduce the inherent disadvantage of endoscopic procedures and may expand their application in other areas of neurosurgical management.

Restricted access

Kazuhide Furuya, Nobutaka Kawahara, Akio Morita, Toshimitsu Momose, Shigeki Aoki, and Takaaki Kirino

✓ Superficial temporal artery—middle cerebral artery (STA—MCA) anastomosis is a standard surgical therapeutic option in patients with moyamoya disease. Most patients experience improvement in their clinical symptoms immediately after surgery. The authors report on the case of a 39-year-old man with moyamoya disease who suffered from temporary and frequent neurological deterioration after undergoing a left STA—MCA anastomosis. Hemodilution and hypervolemia therapies did not improve his course. Technetium-99m hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime single-photon emission tomography scans demonstrated focal intense accumulation of the tracer in the frontal operculum on the side of the surgery. Although diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging demonstrated no abnormalities except for the postoperative change, perfusion-weighted MR images and MR digital subtraction angiography revealed focal hyperperfusion in the left frontal operculum where the cerebral perfusion reserve was severely disturbed preoperatively. This evidence strongly supports the notion that focal hyperperfusion observed after STA—MCA anastomosis could occur in the poor perfusion reserve area preoperatively and could cause temporary neurological deterioration.