Deafferentation facial pain (anesthesia dolorosa) can occur after injury of the first-order trigeminal nerve. It is often debilitating and difficult to treat. The authors report the treatment of anesthesia dolorosa in a 69-year-old man with a 7-year history of pain. The pain occurred after an open resection of a right trigeminal neuroma. After treatment with medications failed, the patient was treated with nucleus caudalis (dorsal root entry zone) lesioning. His facial pain was immediately and completely eliminated. The authors describe the technique of this central neuroablative procedure, and they review the available literature regarding this procedure as well as the current evidence base for neuromodulatory surgeries. After the 1-year follow-up, the authors conclude that the patient attained lasting relief.