✓ The authors report a case of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (Kufs' disease) confirmed by stereotactically obtained brain biopsy findings and initially diagnosed as a butterfly glioma. The presenting symptoms in the 64-year-old patient were mental alterations with progressive dementia, followed by muscular atrophy and myoclonia with distal preponderance. The mild initial disturbances of coordination increased, and the patient developed a markedly ataxic gait. Computerized tomography (CT) scanning and magnetic resonance imaging revealed generalized cerebral atrophy and a bifrontal space-occupying lesion involving the callosum. The original “clearcut” diagnosis of glioblastoma multiforme, based on CT scans, was unexpectedly disproved by examination of stereotactically obtained brain biopsy specimens, which revealed a neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (Kufs' disease). To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of a case presenting with both diffuse brain atrophy and localized accumulation of neuronal lipofuscin, mimicking a mass lesion on radiological studies.
Stefanie Hammersen, Mario Brock and Jorge Cervós-Navarro
Ruediger Stendel, Marco Danne, Ingo Fiss, Ilse Klein, Andreas Schilling, Stefanie Hammersen, Terttu Pietilae, Werner Jänisch and Werner Hopfenmüller
The use of dural grafts is frequently unavoidable when tension-free dural closure cannot be achieved following neurosurgical procedures or trauma. Biodegradable collagen matrices serve as a scaffold for the regrowth of natural tissue and require no suturing. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of dural repair with a collagen matrix using different fixation techniques.
A total of 221 patients (98 male and 123 female; mean age 55.6 ± 17.8 years) undergoing cranial (86.4%) or spinal (13.6%) procedures with the use of a collagen matrix dural graft were included in this retrospective study. The indications for use, fixation techniques, and associated complications were recorded.
There were no complications of the dural graft in spinal use. Five (2.6%) of 191 patients undergoing cranial procedures developed infections, 3 of which (1.6%) were deep infections requiring surgical revision. There was no statistically significant relationship between the operative field status before surgery and the occurrence of a postoperative wound infection (p = 0.684). In the 191 patients undergoing a cranial procedure, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) collection occurred in 5 patients (2.6%) and a CSF fistula in 5 (2.6%), 3 of whom (1.6%) required surgical revision. No patient who underwent an operation with preexisting CSF leakage had postoperative CSF leakage. Postoperative infection significantly increased the risk for postoperative CSF leakage.
The collagen matrix was used without additional fixation in 124 patients (56.1%), with single fixation in 55 (24.9%), and with multiple fixations in 42 (19%). There were no systemic allergic reactions or local skin changes. Follow-up imaging in 112 patients (50.7%) revealed no evidence of any adverse reaction to the collagen graft.
The collagen matrix is an effective and safe cranial and spinal dural substitute that can be used even in cases of an existing local infection. Postoperative deep infection increases the risk for CSF leakage.