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Jonathan L. Hart, Indran Davagnanam, Hoskote S. Chandrashekar and Stefan Brew

Angiographic demonstration of the meningeal branch of the posterior cerebral artery, or the artery of Davidoff and Schechter, is extremely rare. The authors describe a case of successful selective catheterization and embolization of a pathologically enlarged artery of Davidoff and Schechter, permitting successful preoperative devascularization of a large falcine meningioma.

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Hans Henkes, Sebastian Fischer, Wagner Mariushi, Werner Weber, Thomas Liebig, Elina Miloslavski, Stefan Brew and Dietmar Kühne

Object. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of the endovascular treatment of basilar artery (BA) bifurcation aneurysms and to compare the results with those published by other neuroendovascular teams.

Methods. The authors performed a retrospective analysis of 316 aneurysms of the BA bifurcation that had been treated using endovascular coil occlusion between November 6, 1992, and February 12, 2005. After the initial embolization procedure, a 90 to 100% occlusion rate was achieved in 86% of the aneurysms. No complication was evident in 80% of the lesions, although periprocedural aneurysm rupture (3.2%) and thromboembolic events (12.3%) were the most frequent complications. Clinical outcome according to the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) was a score of 5 or 4 in 77%, 3 in 11%, 2 in 5%, and 1 in 7% of patients. Initial follow-up angiography studies were obtained in 56% of patients at a mean of 19 months posttreatment and demonstrated a 90 to 100% occlusion rate in 70%. No recurrence was seen on 65% of the aneurysms. Coil compaction was evident on 24% of the follow-up angiograms.

A second treatment was performed on 48 aneurysms (15%) a mean of 27 months after the first therapeutic session and resulted in 90 to 100% occlusion in 83% of the lesions. Complications were encountered in 19% of the aneurysms. Rupture did not occur during any of the procedures. Clinical outcome was rated as GOS Score 5 or 4 in 83% of the patients and Grade 3 in 17%.

During a cumulative clinical follow up of 821 years in 237 patients, 182 patients (81%) were independent (GOS Score 5 or 4), 33 (14%) were dependent (GOS Score 3), eight (3%) were in a vegetative state, and two (1%) had died. Clinical outcome was significantly worse after previous aneurysm rupture and following procedural complications.

Conclusions. These results are within the range of published data for coil treatment of BA tip aneurysms and confirm both the safety and efficacy of this endovascular treatment method.

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Silvia Gatscher, Stefan Brew, Tina Banks, Clare Simcock, Yvonne Sullivan and Joshua Crockett

Object

Spiral computed tomography (SCT) and, more recently, multislice SCT (MSCT) angiography have established roles in studying subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Potential advantages in MSCT angiography include rapid acquisition, ready availability, ease of monitoring, high spatial resolution, some temporal resolution, and relative freedom from artifacts. The authors assert that these attributes make MSCT angiography the initial imaging method of choice in the assessment of not just SAH but all intracranial vascular pathophysiologies, particularly in children.

Methods

The installation of a MSCT unit sparked the authors' interest in using MSCT angiography and MSCT venography in cases in which they would have formerly performed magnetic resonance (MR) angiography, MR venography, or catheter angiography as an initial investigational method. They retrospectively evaluated seven cases in which they had used the former imaging techniques to study intracranial vascular pathophysiologies. All scans were obtained on a Siemens Sensation 16-slice scanner, and postprocessing was performed on a Leonardo Workstation.

Results

Multislice spiral CT consistently provided useful vascular imaging of a wide variety of intracranial vascular pathophysiologies and an alternative imaging modality in patients considered to be too unstable for more time-consuming investigations.

Conclusions

Multislice spiral CT offers advantages over MR imaging in the assessment of intracranial vascular pathophysiologies and frequently allows complete avoidance or deferral of catheter angiography.