✓ Spinal fixation for destructive metastatic lesions at the lumbosacral junction is challenging because of the large and unique load-bearing characteristics present. In particular, caudal fixation is difficult in cases of sacral destruction because of insufficient S-1 pedicle screw anchorage. The authors describe their surgical technique for secure iliac screw placement and the clinical results obtained in five patients with metastatic spinal disease. All patients in this study underwent palliative operations with dual iliac screw fixation between April 1999 and October 2002, and the clinical and radiological findings were assessed. In all five patients, spinal metastases extended into the sacrum. The metastases were from renal cell carcinomas in two patients, lung cancer in two, and a paraganglioma in one patient.
Postoperative follow-up periods ranged from 3 months to 6 years (mean 28.4 months). Preoperatively, four patients could not walk due to severe pain or neurological compromise. Postoperatively, all patients reported a reduction in pain and regained the ability to walk. Complications included one case of early wound infection. In the patients with long survival after the operation, there was one case of iliac screw loosening and one case of rod breakage. The dual iliac screw fixation technique provided sufficient immediate stability for destructive lumbosacral metastasis.