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Shinya Suematsu, Hideaki Ono, Tomohiro Inoue, and Akira Tamura

This video demonstrates a surgical technique of resecting dorsum sellae meningioma using a combined interhemispheric translamina terminalis approach and pterional approach with clinoidectomy. The tumor, 5 cm in maximum diameter, originated from the dorsum sellae, compressed the third ventricle and the midbrain, and displaced the pituitary stalk ventrally. Feeding arteries of the tumor were bilateral meningohypophyseal trunks, mainly from the right side. The authors performed devascularization of the tumor via a right pterional approach following frontotemporal craniotomy, and debulking of the tumor via an interhemispheric translamina terminalis approach following bifrontal craniotomy. These procedures with two separate craniotomies enabled safe and effective resection of the tumor.

The video can be found here: https://youtu.be/DEnKOC5zQ_M.

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Taku Sugawara, Naoki Higashiyama, Shinya Tamura, Takuro Endo, and Hiroaki Shimizu

OBJECTIVE

Perineural cysts, also called Tarlov cysts, are dilatations of the nerve root sleeves commonly found in the sacrum. The majority of the cysts are asymptomatic and found incidentally on routine spine imaging. Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts (SPCs) that induce intractable low-back pain, radicular symptoms, and bladder/bowel dysfunction require surgery. However, the surgical strategy for symptomatic SPCs remains controversial. The authors hypothesized that the symptoms were caused by an irritation of the adjacent nerve roots caused by SPCs, and developed a wrapping surgery to treat these cysts.

METHODS

Seven patients with severe unilateral medial thigh pain and ipsilateral SPCs were included. Preoperative MRI showed that the cysts were severely compressing the adjacent nerve roots in all patients. After a partial laminectomy of the sacrum, the SPCs were punctured and CSF was aspirated to reduce their size, followed by dissection of the adjacent nerve roots from the SPCs. The SPCs were then wrapped with a Gore-Tex membrane to avoid reexpansion.

RESULTS

All 7 patients experienced substantial relief of their symptoms. The average numeric rating scale pain score was reduced from an average preoperative value of 7.9 to 0.6 postoperatively. Postoperative MRI showed that all cysts were reduced in size and the adjacent nerve roots were decompressed. Regrowth of the treated cysts or recurrence of the symptoms did not occur during the entire follow-up period, which ranged from 39 to 90 months. No complications were noted.

CONCLUSIONS

The authors’ new wrapping technique was effective in relieving radicular symptoms for patients with symptomatic SPCs. The results suggested that the symptoms stemmed from compression of the adjacent nerve roots caused by the SPCs, and not from the nerve roots in the cysts.