Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 70 items for

  • Author or Editor: Seung-Ki Kim x
  • Refine by Access: all x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

Headache in pediatric moyamoya disease: review of 204 consecutive cases

Ho Jun Seol, Kyu-Chang Wang, Seung-Ki Kim, Yong-Seung Hwang, Ki Joong Kim, and Byung-Kyu Cho

Object

Patients with moyamoya disease complain of headache before surgery, after surgery, or in both periods. To clarify the pathophysiological features of these headaches which are one of the major symptoms in moyamoya disease after indirect bypass surgery, the authors reviewed data obtained in patients with moyamoya disease who underwent such surgery at their institute.

Methods

The authors surveyed 204 children with moyamoya disease younger than 17 years of age who underwent indirect bypass surgery consecutively between 1988 and 2000. If headache and associated symptoms disturbed their daily activity, required rest and/or medication, and occurred at least once a month, the headache was regarded as significant and the patient was included in the study. A postoperative headache was defined as the presence of significant headache 12 months after the operation or later. Preoperative headache was documented in 44 patients. Postoperative headache was observed in 63% (28 of 44) of the patients with preoperative headache and in 6.3% (10 of 160) of those without preoperative headache. Aggravation on postoperative magnetic resonance images or single-photon emission computerized tomography scans did not correlate with this symptom (p = 0.729 and 0.203, respectively). The clinical course had the following features: 1) a coexisting stage of headache and transient ischemic attack; 2) a second stage of headache only; and 3) a final stage of improvement or disappearance of headache.

Conclusions

The authors demonstrated that headaches can persist or develop after indirect bypass surgery despite successful prevention of cerebral ischemia. In addition to decreased cerebral blood flow, progressive recruitment and redistribution of blood flow should be considered as a cause of headaches in patients with moyamoya disease.

Free access

Editorial. COVID-19 outbreak and its countermeasures in the Republic of Korea

Kyung Hyun Kim, Eun Hwa Choi, and Seung-Ki Kim

Restricted access

Letter to the Editor: RNF213 variant and quasimoyamoya disease

Masaki Komiyama

Restricted access

Posterior osteosynthesis of a spontaneous bilateral pedicle fracture of the lumbar spine

Sang-Hyun Han, Seung-Jae Hyun, Tae-Ahn Jahng, and Ki-Jeong Kim

Spontaneous bilateral pedicle fractures of the lumbar spine are rare, and an optimal surgical treatment has not been suggested. The authors report the case of a 50-year-old woman who presented with low-back pain and right leg radiating pain of 1 year’s duration. Radiological studies revealed a spontaneous bilateral pedicle fracture of L-5. All efforts at conservative treatment failed, and the patient underwent surgery for osteosynthesis of the fractured pedicle using bilateral pedicle screws connected with a bent rod. Her low-back and right leg pain were relieved postoperatively. A CT scan performed 3 months postoperatively revealed the disappearance of the pedicle fracture gap and presence of newly formed bony trabeculation. In rare cases of spontaneous bilateral pedicle fracture of the lumbar spine, osteosynthesis of the fractured pedicle using bilateral pedicle screws and a bent rod is a motion-preserving technique that may be an effective option when conservative management has failed.

Free access

The differential effect of cervical kyphosis correction surgery on global sagittal alignment and health-related quality of life according to head- and trunk-balanced subtype

Seung-Jae Hyun, Ki-Jeong Kim, and Tae-Ahn Jahng

OBJECTIVE

No reports have investigated how cervical reconstructive surgery affects global sagittal alignment (GSA), including the lower extremities, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The study was aimed at elucidating the effects of cervical reconstruction on GSA and HRQOL.

METHODS

Twenty-three patients who underwent reconstructive surgery for cervical kyphosis were divided into a head-balanced group (n = 13) and a trunk-balanced group (n = 10) according to the values of the C7 plumb line, T1 slope (T1S), and pelvic incidence minus lumbar lordosis (PI-LL). Head-balanced patients are those with a negative C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), a larger LL than PI, and a low T1S. Trunk-balanced patients are those with a positive SVAC7, a normal PI-LL, and a normal to high T1S. Various sagittal Cobb angles, SVA, and lower-extremity alignment parameters were measured before and after surgery using whole-body stereoradiography.

RESULTS

Cervical malalignment was corrected to achieve cervical sagittal balance and occiput-trunk (OT) concordance (center of gravity [COG]–C7 SVA < 30 mm). Significant changes in the upper cervical spine and thoracolumbar spine were observed in the head-balanced group, but no significant change in lumbopelvic alignment was observed in the trunk-balanced group. Lower-extremity alignment did not change substantially in either group. HRQOL scores improved significantly after surgery in both groups. SVACOG–C7 and SVAC2–7 were negatively and positively correlated with the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey physical component score and Neck Disability Index, respectively. The visual analog scale for back pain, Oswestry Disability Index, and PI-LL mismatch improved significantly in the head-balanced group after cervical reconstruction surgery.

CONCLUSIONS

Patients with cervical kyphosis exhibited compensatory changes in the upper cervical spine and thoracolumbar spine, instead of in the lower extremities. These compensatory mechanisms resolved reciprocally in a different fashion in the head- and trunk-balanced groups. HRQOL scores improved significantly with GSA restoration and OT concordance following cervical reconstruction.

Full access

Rod fracture after multiple-rod constructs for adult spinal deformity

Jong-myung Jung, Seung-Jae Hyun, Ki-Jeong Kim, and Tae-Ahn Jahng

OBJECTIVE

This study investigated the incidence and risk factors of rod fracture (RF) after multiple-rod constructs (MRCs) for adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery.

METHODS

A single-center, single-surgeon consecutive series of adult patients who underwent posterior thoracolumbar fusion at 4 or more levels using MRCs after osteotomy with at least 1 year of follow-up were retrospectively reviewed. Patient characteristics, radiological parameters, operative data, and clinical outcomes (on the Scoliosis Research Society-22r questionnaire) were analyzed at baseline and follow-up.

RESULTS

Seventy-six patients were enrolled in this study. RF occurred in 9 patients (11.8%), with all cases involving partial rod breakage. Seven patients (9.2%) underwent revision surgery. There were no significant differences in baseline demographic characteristics, radiological parameters, and surgical factors between the RF and non-RF groups. Multivariable analysis revealed that interbody fusion at the L5–S1 and L4–S1 levels could significantly reduce the occurrence of RF after MRCs for ASD (adjusted odds ratios 0.070 and 0.035, respectively). The RF group had significantly worse function score (mean 2.9 ± 0.8 vs 3.5 ± 0.7) and pain score (mean 2.8 ± 1.0 vs 3.5 ± 0.8) compared with the non-RF group at last visit.

CONCLUSIONS

RF occurred in 11.8% of patients with MRCs after ASD surgery. Most RFs occurred at the lumbosacral junction or adjacent level (77%). Interbody fusion at the lumbosacral junction (L5–S1 or L4–S1 level) could significantly prevent the occurrence of RF after MRCs for ASD.

Restricted access

Radiographic outcomes following surgical correction for lumbar degenerative kyphosis: the impact of supine pelvic tilt

Jae-Koo Lee, Do-Hyoung Kim, Seung-Jae Hyun, Seung Heon Yang, and Ki-Jeong Kim

OBJECTIVE

Lumbar degenerative kyphosis (LDK), a flexible deformity, is a common form of sagittal imbalance in Asian countries. Assessing a patient’s spine prior to surgery by using positional radiographs is becoming more crucial in determining surgical planning to achieve favorable clinical and radiographic outcomes, especially in patients with flexible deformities. This study aims to identify radiographic characteristics of supine pelvic tilt (sPT) and its relation to mechanical failure (MF) following LDK correction.

METHODS

A single-center, single-surgeon retrospective analysis was performed in patients who underwent LDK correction with sacropelvic fixation between January 2014 and May 2019. Patients were grouped into pelvic match and mismatch groups according to the difference between postoperative pelvic tilt (PT) and sPT. Demographic, surgical, and radiographic parameters were compared. Chronological change of PT was assessed by comparing preoperative, supine, immediate postoperative, and final PT.

RESULTS

Baseline demographics and sagittal alignments were similar between PT match (n = 25) and mismatch (n = 42) groups (p > 0.05). There was a significant difference in the rate of MF between PT match and mismatch groups (4% vs 31%, p = 0.021). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that after including control variables, PT mismatch was independently associated with the likelihood of MF development (OR 33.42, p = 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS

sPT reflects postoperative PT changes; therefore, supine imaging may represent a tool that could be used for preoperative decision-making in patients with LDK or possibly those with flexible adult spinal deformity. PT mismatch > 10° or < 0° is a significant risk factor for MF following correction of LDK. Measurement of sPT would aid surgeons in optimal preoperative planning and in minimizing catastrophic MF following deformity correction surgery.

Restricted access

Measurement of the intersiphon distance for normal skull base development and estimation of the surgical window for the endoscopic transtuberculum approach in children

Joo Whan Kim, Ji Hoon Phi, Seung-Ki Kim, and Yong Hwy Kim

OBJECTIVE

Due to the underdeveloped skull base in children, it is crucial to predict whether a sufficient surgical window for an endoscopic endonasal approach can be achieved. This study aimed to analyze the presumed surgical window through measurement of the intersiphon distance (ISD) and the planum-sella height (PSH) on the basis of age and its correlation with the actual surgical window for the endoscopic transtuberculum approach.

METHODS

Twenty patients of each age from 3 to 18 years were included as the normal skull base population. ISD and PSH were measured and compared among consecutive ages. Additionally, 42 children with craniopharyngiomas or Rathke’s cleft cysts who underwent treatment via the endoscopic transtuberculum approach were included. ISD and PSH were measured on preoperative images and then correlated with the dimensions of the surgical window on postoperative CT scans. The intraoperative endoscopic view was classified as narrow, intermediate, or wide based on operative photographs or videos, and relevant clinical factors were analyzed.

RESULTS

In the normal skull base population, both ISD and the estimated area of the surgical window increased with age, particularly at 8 and 11 years old. On the other hand, PSH did not show an incremental pattern with age. Among the 42 children who underwent surgery, 24 had craniopharyngioma and 18 had Rathke’s cleft cysts. ISD showed the strongest correlation with the actual area of the surgical window [r(40) = 0.69, p < 0.001] rather than with age or PSH. The visual grade of the intraoperative endoscopic view was narrow in 17 patients, intermediate in 21, and wide in 4. Preoperative ISD was 14.58 ± 1.29 mm in the narrow group, 16.13 ± 2.30 mm in the intermediate group, and 18.09 ± 3.43 mm in the wide group (p < 0.01). There were no differences in terms of extent of resection (p = 0.41); however, 2 patients in the narrow group had postoperative complications.

CONCLUSIONS

Normal skull base development exhibited age-related growth. However, in children with suprasellar lesions, the measurement of the ISD showed a better correlation than age for predicting the surgical window for the endoscopic transtuberculum approach. Children with a small ISD should be approached with caution due to the limited surgical window.

Restricted access

Epilepsy surgery in children: outcomes and complications

Seung-Ki Kim, Kyu-Chang Wang, Yong-Seung Hwang, Ki Joong Kim, Jong Hee Chae, In-One Kim, and Byung-Kyu Cho

Object

Ideal epilepsy surgery would eliminate seizures without causing any functional deficits. The aim of the present study was to assess seizure outcomes and complications after epilepsy surgery in children with intractable epilepsy.

Methods

Data obtained in 134 children (75 boys and 59 girls) age 17 years or younger who underwent epilepsy surgery at Seoul National University Children's Hospital between 1993 and 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. Epilepsy surgery included temporal resection (59 cases), extratemporal resection (56 cases), functional hemispherectomy (7 cases), callosotomy (9 cases), multiple subpial transection (1 case), and disconnection of a hamartoma (2 cases). The mean follow-up duration was 62.3 months (range 12–168 months).

Results

The overall seizure-free rate was 69% (93 of 134 cases). The seizure-free rate was significantly higher in children who underwent temporal resection than in those in whom extratemporal resection was performed (88 vs 55%, p < 0.05). The most frequent causes of treatment failure were related to the absence of structural abnormality demonstrated on magnetic resonance imaging, development-associated disease, widespread disease documented by postoperative electroencephalography, and limited resection due to the presence of functional cortex. There were no postoperative deaths. Visual field defects were the most common complication after temporal resection (22% [13 of 59 cases]), whereas hemiparesis (mostly transient) was the most common morbidity after extratemporal resection (18% [10 of 56 cases]).

Conclusions

Epilepsy surgery is an effective and safe therapeutic modality in childhood. In children with extratemporal epilepsy, more careful interpretation of clinical and investigative data is needed to achieve favorable seizure outcome.

Restricted access

Modified encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis with bifrontal encephalogaleoperiosteal synangiosis for the treatment of pediatric moyamoya disease

Technical note

Jae Hyo Park, Seung-Yeob Yang, You-Nam Chung, Jeong Eun Kim, Seung-Ki Kim, Dae Hee Han, and Byung-Kyu Cho

✓The authors describe a modified technique of encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS) with bifrontal encephalogaleoperiosteal synangiosis (EGPS) and present the preliminary results of the procedure. Between January 2004 and June 2005 the authors performed modified EDAS with bifrontal EGPS in 17 patients with moyamoya disease. Surgical results were evaluated in terms of clinical outcomes, changes visible on neuroimages, extent of revascularization noted on angiograms, and hemodynamic changes demonstrated on single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scans. The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 21 months (mean 11.5 months). The overall clinical outcomes were excellent or good in 15 patients (88.2%) and poor in two (11.8%). The overall morbidity rate was 5.9% (one of 17 patients). Based on changes in the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) territories after surgery, as shown on SPECT scans following administration of acetazolamide, 14 patients (82.4%) exhibited an improved vascular reserve capacity in both the ACA and MCA territories. It is the authors' opinion that wide covering of the cortex is necessary for sufficient revascularization. In the present study they demonstrate that modified EDAS with bifrontal EGPS is a safe and efficient surgical approach that covers not only the MCA territory but also the ACA territory.