Sacrococcygeal teratomas may arise in association with regional developmental errors affecting the caudal embryonic segments and may originate within lumbosacral lipomas. It is therefore possible that sacrococcygeal teratomas and lumbosacral lipomas represent related disorders of embryogenesis. Accordingly, the authors report the cases of 2 siblings. The first child (female) was born with a mature Altman Type III sacrococcygeal teratoma that was resected when she was a neonate. Subsequently, a younger brother was found soon after birth to have an L-4–level lipomyelomeningocele and underwent partial resection and spinal cord untethering at 4 months of age. Although familial forms of each of these conditions have been reported, this is, to the authors' knowledge, the first reported occurrence of lipomyelomeningocele and sacrococcygeal teratoma in siblings. They propose that an inherited regional tendency to developmental error affecting the caudal embryonic segments was shared by these siblings and resulted in spinal teratoma formation in one of them.
Seth F. Oliveria, Eric M. Thompson and Nathan R. Selden
Kristopher G. Hooten, Seth F. Oliveria, Shawn D. Larson and David W. Pincus
Ogilvie's syndrome is a rare and potentially fatal disease that can easily be mistaken for postoperative ileus. Also known as acute colonic pseudo-obstruction, early recognition and diagnosis of the syndrome allows for treatment prior to bowel perforation and requisite abdominal surgery. The authors report a case of Ogilvie's syndrome following spinal deformity correction and tethered cord release in an adolescent who presented with acute abdominal distension, nausea, and vomiting on postoperative Day 0. The patient was initially diagnosed with adynamic ileus and treated conservatively with bowel rest, reduction in narcotic dosage, and a regimen of stool softeners, laxatives, and enemas. Despite this treatment, her clinical course failed to improve, and she demonstrated significant colonic distension radiographically. Intravenous neostigmine was administered as a bolus with a rapid and dramatic response. This case is the first reported instance of neostigmine use for Ogilvie's syndrome treatment following a pediatric neurosurgical operation.