Trigeminal meningocele is a rare disease that results in rhinorrhea. Treatments with endoscopic approaches and open craniotomies have high recurrence rates, and controversy regarding the most effective surgical strategy for trigeminal meningocele is ongoing.
The authors report a case of a 13-year-old female patient with a diagnosis of trigeminal meningocele determined after she presented with a history of intermittent headaches, suspected rhinorrhea, and recurrent meningitis. In addition to the conventional method of covering the efflux point of CSF and filling the inside of the meningocele with fascial tissues, the authors selectively closed the influx point of CSF from the prepontine cistern to the meningocele using an anterior transpetrosal approach. On the basis of the preoperative images, the authors hypothesized that the influx point of CSF could not be observed under the microscopic direct view and instead used a flexible endoscope. A check valve–like structure with one-way communication of CSF from the prepontine cistern into the cystic cavity was identified and was closed.
At the time of this report, 36 months postoperatively, the patient had no indications of recurrence. Although cases of trigeminal meningoceles are infrequently encountered and require a tailored approach, the results in this case thus far indicate that the use of an endoscope and open craniotomy is an effective strategy for surgical treatment.