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Franco DeMonte, Sydney J. Peerless and Richard N. Rankin

✓ A 57-year-old woman presented with symptomatic triple tandem stenosis of the left carotid artery. Transluminal angioplasty of an atherosclerotic stenosis at the origin of the common carotid artery was performed retrogradely through a distal arteriotomy after endarterectomy. The postangioplasty effluent was collected and analyzed. Cholesterol crystals and amorphous plaque debris were identified, indicating a source for distal embolization. The clinical significance of this small amount of debris embolizing to the intracranial circulation is uncertain, but should be of concern when considering angioplasty of the cerebral circulation.

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David Pelz, Richard N. Rankin and Gary G. Ferguson

✓ Seventy-four consecutive patients who had undergone carotid endarterectomy procedures were examined with intravenous digital subtraction angiography (IV-DSA) and duplex ultrasonography (DUS) at intervals ranging from 1 to 14 months postoperatively. Ninety-one percent of the DUS and 74% of the DSA images were of diagnostic quality. The two modalities agreed in the assessment of the endarterectomy appearance in 84% of the arteries, with 85% showing no evidence of significant residual disease. There were no arteries with severe restenosis or complete occlusion. In the 10 vessels in which the two modalities disagreed in disease assessment, the IV-DSA images were often degraded by artifact or vessel overlap leading to underestimation of disease. The authors conclude that DUS is the examination of choice for routine follow-up studies of carotid endarterectomy.