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  • Author or Editor: Randa Jarrar x
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Varina L. Boerwinkle, Lucia Mirea, William D. Gaillard, Bethany L. Sussman, Diana Larocque, Alexandra Bonnell, Jennifer S. Ronecker, Matthew M. Troester, John F. Kerrigan, Stephen T. Foldes, Brian Appavu, Randa Jarrar, Korwyn Williams, Angus A. Wilfong and P. David Adelson

OBJECTIVE

The authors’ goal was to prospectively quantify the impact of resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) on pediatric epilepsy surgery planning.

METHODS

Fifty-one consecutive patients (3 months to 20 years old) with intractable epilepsy underwent rs-fMRI for presurgical evaluation. The team reviewed the following available diagnostic data: video-electroencephalography (n = 51), structural MRI (n = 51), FDG-PET (n = 42), magnetoencephalography (n = 5), and neuropsychological testing (n = 51) results to formulate an initial surgery plan blinded to the rs-fMRI findings. Subsequent to this discussion, the connectivity results were revealed and final recommendations were established. Changes between pre– and post–rs-fMRI treatment plans were determined, and changes in surgery recommendation were compared using McNemar’s test.

RESULTS

Resting-state fMRI was successfully performed in 50 (98%) of 51 cases and changed the seizure onset zone localization in 44 (88%) of 50 patients. The connectivity results prompted 6 additional studies, eliminated the ordering of 11 further diagnostic studies, and changed the intracranial monitoring plan in 10 cases. The connectivity results significantly altered surgery planning with the addition of 13 surgeries, but it did not eliminate planned surgeries (p = 0.003). Among the 38 epilepsy surgeries performed, the final surgical approach changed due to rs-fMRI findings in 22 cases (58%), including 8 (28%) of 29 in which extraoperative direct electrical stimulation mapping was averted.

CONCLUSIONS

This study demonstrates the impact of rs-fMRI connectivity results on the decision-making for pediatric epilepsy surgery by providing new information about the location of eloquent cortex and the seizure onset zone. Additionally, connectivity results may increase the proportion of patients considered eligible for surgery while optimizing the need for further testing.