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Pierre-Olivier Champagne, Emile Lemoine and Michel W. Bojanowski

OBJECTIVE

Sphenoid wing meningiomas are a heterogeneous group of tumors with variable surgical risks and prognosis. Those that have grown to a very large size, encasing the major cerebral arteries, are associated with a high risk of stroke. In reviewing the authors’ series of giant sphenoid wing meningiomas, the goal was to evaluate how the extent of the tumor’s invasion of surrounding structures affected the ability to safely remove the tumor and restore function.

METHODS

The authors conducted a retrospective study of a series of giant sphenoid wing meningiomas operated on between 1996 and 2016. Inclusion criteria were meningiomas with a globoid component ≥ 6 cm, encasing at least 1 major intradural cerebral artery. Extent of resection was measured according to Simpson grade.

RESULTS

This series included 12 patients, with a mean age of 59 years. Visual symptoms were the most common clinical presentation. There was complete or partial encasement of all 3 major cerebral arteries except for 3 cases in which only the anterior cerebral artery was not involved. The lateral wall of the cavernous sinus was invaded in 8 cases (67%) and the optic canal in 6 (50%). Complete resection was achieved in 2 cases (Simpson grades 2 and 3). In the remaining 10 cases of partial resection (Simpson grade 4), radical removal (> 90%) was achieved in 7 cases (70%). In the immediate postoperative period, there were no deaths. Four of 9 patients with visual deficits improved, while the 5 others remained unchanged. Two patients experienced transient neurological deficits. Other than an asymptomatic lacuna of the internal capsule, there were no ischemic lesions following surgery. Tumor recurrence occurred in 5 patients, between 24 and 168 months (mean 61 months) following surgery.

CONCLUSIONS

Although these giant lesions encasing major cerebral arteries are particularly treacherous for surgery, this series demonstrates that it is possible to safely achieve radical removal and at times even gross-total resection. However, the risk of recurrence remains high and larger studies are needed to see if and how improvement can be achieved, whether in surgical technique or technological advances, and by determining the timing and modality of adjuvant radiation therapy.

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Harrison J. Westwick, Sami Obaid, Florence Morin-Roy, Pierre-Olivier Champagne and Alain Bouthillier

Intraventricular rupture of a colloid cyst is a rare phenomenon and has been proposed as a mechanism for sudden death in patients with colloid cysts. Imaging of a colloid cyst during rupture has been described in only one other instance. The authors report a highly unusual case of a 53-year-old man who presented with acute onset headaches and imaging findings of hydrocephalus caused by a colloid cyst originating from the septum pellucidum and superior surface of the roof of the third ventricle. Interestingly, the colloid cyst revealed imaging signs of intraventricular rupture characterized by a tail-like drainage of cystic contents into the occipital horn of the lateral ventricle. The patient was surgically treated with a craniotomy and transcallosal approach to the colloid cyst, where it was noted that the cyst wall was spontaneously open. This rare case highlights unique imaging findings of a rare event in an infrequent pathology confirmed with intraoperative microscopy. The authors further document the process of cyst rupture and speculate on its pathomechanisms.

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Pierre-Olivier Champagne, Florence Cayouette, Anne Lortie, Jean-Claude Decarie and Alexander G. Weil

The occipital and marginal sinuses, when present, must be sacrificed in order to open the dura in most posterior fossa surgeries in the pediatric population, including posterior fossa decompression for Type I Chiari malformation (CM-I) with duraplasty. Apart from the immediate risk of hemorrhage, the voluntary occlusion of this structure is almost universally well tolerated. The authors report a case of intracranial hypertension following the sacrifice of occipital and marginal sinuses following posterior fossa decompression with duraplasty for CM-I. The specific draining pattern variant of the occipital and marginal sinuses leading to this complication as well as avoidance and management strategies of this condition are discussed.