✓ The authors report the case of a 53-year-old woman with monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the thoracic spine. The patient presented with a 1-month history of pain in the thoracic spinal region. En bloc resection of the lesion was successfully performed via a transthoracic approach, and a histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of fibrous dysplasia. At 24-month follow-up examination, pain and vertebral instability were absent.
The findings in this case illustrate that, although very rare, monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the thoracic spine should be considered in the differential diagnosis of spinal tumors. Although a consensus for management of this disease has not been achieved, the authors recommend radical removal of all involved bone as well as internal fixation or bone graft—assisted fusion to achieve long-term stabilization.