✓ The authors report the case of a 49-year-old man with synchronous drop metastases from a multiply recurrent somatotroph pituitary adenoma. The metastatic lesions were found in the subarachnoid space of the cauda equina and foramen magnum 18 years after the initial diagnosis of the disease. Five transsphenoidal resections had previously failed to cure the sellar tumor. Two of these, performed 4 and 5 years before the patient's current presentation, had been complicated by cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea that necessitated lumbar drainage. Resections of the two subarachnoid lesions, separated by 14 months, removed pathologically aggressive pituitary adenomas. There were no signs of local recurrence or subarachnoid dissemination of disease during the postoperative follow-up periods, which lasted 18 and 4 months, respectively. Previous cases of subarachnoid spread of a pituitary adenoma have been associated with multiple intracranial metastases, multiple intraspinal metastases, or widely disseminated disease. This case demonstrates that subarachnoid metastasis of a pituitary adenoma, particularly when it follows multiple operations, is not invariably widely disseminated or associated with a very poor prognosis.
Norman L. Lehman, Dikran S. Horoupian, and Griffith R. Harsh IV
Norman L. Lehman, Dikran S. Horoupian, Roger A. Warnke, Uma N. Sundram, Kendra Peterson, and Griffith R. Harsh IV
✓ The authors report the case of a 63-year-old woman who presented with a primary dural extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) associated with massive kappa light chain amyloidosis of the meninges. Extranodal MZL is a low-grade B-cell lymphoma that may show variable degrees of plasmacytic differentiation. Like solitary plasmacytoma of soft tissue, which can also be associated with amyloid, extranodal MZL generally responds well to local therapy and has a good prognosis. It is important to distinguish these entities from high-grade primary central nervous system (CNS) B-cell lymphomas and more aggressive and/or widespread, potentially amyloidogenic conditions such as multiple myeloma, lymphoplasmacytoid lymphoma, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. To the authors' knowledge this is the first reported case of dural MZL associated with massive meningeal amyloid deposition. Extranodal MZL is a rare low-grade primary CNS B-cell lymphoma that may be associated with amyloidosis. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of CNS lymphoproliferative lesions and CNS amyloidosis.
Norman L. Lehman, Charlotte D. Jacobs, Phillip A. Holsten, Sivakumar Jaikumar, Trang D. Lehman, Iris C. Gibbs, and Lawrence M. Shuer
✓A primary paraspinal leiomyosarcoma invading the spine is an exceedingly rare neoplasm that may clinically mimic a schwannoma. The authors report a case involving a 45-year-old man with a primary leiomyosarcoma of the cervical paraspinal musculature that invaded the spinal canal at C1–2 and subsequently metastasized to the lungs and pancreas. Aggressive treatment consisting of resection of the primary tumor, adjunctive radiation therapy and chemotherapy, and surgical debulking of metastatic disease resulted in local tumor control at the primary site and long-term survival of the patient.
Mohanpal S. Dulai, Dario V. Caccamo, Anita L. Briley, Michael S. B. Edwards, Paul G. Fisher, and Norman L. Lehman
This 8-year-old girl presented with a papillary ependymoma in the thoracic spinal cord. Resection was followed by recurrence at the primary site and later in the lumbosacral thecal sac, followed by cerebrospinal fluid dissemination to the brain approximately 5 years after her initial presentation. The tumor showed cytological and immunohistochemical features overlapping those of classic ependymomas and choroid plexus tumors similar to those seen in uncommon supratentorial papillary ependymomas, also known as papillary tumors of the pineal region. The histopathological and clinical courses of this rare spinal papillary ependymoma exhibiting mixed ependymal and choroid plexus–like differentiation are discussed.