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  • Author or Editor: Nobuyuki Taniguchi x
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Masaaki Taniguchi, Nobuyuki Akutsu, Katsu Mizukawa, Masaaki Kohta, Hidehito Kimura and Eiji Kohmura

OBJECT

The surgical approach to lesions involving the inferior petrous apex (IPA) is still challenging. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the anatomical features of the IPA and to assess the applicability of an endoscopic endonasal approach through the foramen lacerum (translacerum approach) to the IPA.

METHODS

The surgical simulation of the endoscopic endonasal translacerum approach was conducted in 3 cadaver heads. The same technique was applied in 4 patients harboring tumors involving the IPA (3 chordomas and 1 chondro-sarcoma).

RESULTS

By removing the fibrocartilaginous component of the foramen lacerum, a triangular space was created between the anterior genu of the petrous portion of the carotid artery and the eustachian tube, through which the IPA could be approached. The range of the surgical maneuver reached laterally up to the internal auditory canal, jugular foramen, and posterior vertical segment of the petrous portion of the carotid artery. In clinical application, the translacerum approach provided sufficient space to handle tumors at the IPA. Gross-total and partial removal was achieved in 3 and 1 cases, respectively, without permanent surgery-related morbidity and mortality.

CONCLUSIONS

The endoscopic endonasal translacerum approach provides reliable access to the IPA. It is indicated alone for lesions confined to the IPA and in combination with other approaches for more extensive lesions.

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Yi Wang, Yong Wang, Yida Wang, Nobuyuki Taniguchi and Xian-Cheng Chen

Object

The goal of this study was to combine the use of ultrasound contrast agents with intraoperative ultrasound techniques to identify intraoperatively a patient's vascular anatomy, including feeding arteries and draining veins of an intracranial arteriovenous malformation (AVM).

Methods

The authors examined 12 consecutive patients with AVMs that had been diagnosed on the basis of preoperative findings on magnetic resonance images and digital subtraction angiograms obtained between September 2003 and December 2005. After each patient had undergone a routine craniotomy, a bolus of contrast agent was injected intravenously, and a real-time microbubble perfusion process was observed to identify the feeding arteries and draining veins of the AVM in a single cross-section. The so-called burst–refill technique was used to sweep the lesion in multiple sections and orientations to obtain information on the surrounding vascular anatomy, after which the findings were compared with those obtained during preoperative imaging.

Results

Intraoperative ultrasonography provided high-quality images in every case. Although plain imaging failed to show an identifiable AVM boundary, color Doppler flow imaging clearly delineated the shape and margin of the AVM. Nevertheless, neither mode of imaging enabled the surgeons to categorically distinguish between feeding and draining vessels.

The real-time perfusion process of microbubbles was first visualized 20 to 30 seconds after the SonoVue bolus injection, and the burst–refill technique made possible identification of the vascular anatomy of malformation lesions in multiple planes.

Conclusions

Using both an ultrasound contrast agent and the burst–refill technique provided a rapid, convenient, and precise way of locating AVM feeding arteries intraoperatively. The combined technique seems warranted in the intraoperative treatment of AVMs.

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Jun C. Takahashi, Nobuyuki Sakai, Koji Iihara, Hideki Sakai, Toshio Higashi, Shuji Kogure, Ayumi Taniguchi, Hatsue I. Ueda and Izumi Nagata

✓ Polyarteritis nodosa (PAN) is a rare systemic necrotizing arteritis that involves small- and medium-sized arteries in various organs. Although aneurysm formation in visceral arteries is a typical finding in PAN, intracranial aneurysms are much less common, and only a few cases of aneurysm rupture associated with this disease have been documented. In this paper, the authors report on a ruptured PAN aneurysm of the anterior cerebral artery; the lesion was trapped and resected. On histological examination, extensive fibrinoid necrosis and an inflammatory infiltration of leukocytes were seen in the aneurysm wall. To the authors' knowledge this is the first report of subarachnoid hemorrhage from a histologically confirmed PAN aneurysm.