Approaches to the pineal region are various, and each has its advantages and disadvantages. The authors present a case of a 50-year-old woman who presented with progressive hemiparesis and vertical gaze palsy; she was diagnosed with a midbrain cavernous malformation. The patient underwent an occipital posterior interhemispheric supratentorial transpineal approach with gross-total resection. On long-term follow-up, her symptoms significantly improved. The authors review the regional anatomy and present the operative video. They also discuss the various approaches with their indications, advantages, and disadvantages.
The video can be found here: https://stream.cadmore.media/r10.3171/2021.4.FOCVID2133.