✓ The authors report the case of a 53-year-old woman who experienced visual hallucinations diagnosed as peduncular hallucinosis (PH). The cause of the PH was compression of the quadrigeminal plate and/or the splenium due to a meningioma originating from the falcotentorial junction (pineal meningioma). The nature of the visual hallucinations was depicted in drawings created by the patient herself. This is the first report of PH caused by a tumor located in the pineal region.
Takahito Miyazawa, Shinji Fukui, Naoki Otani, Nobusuke Tsuzuki, Hiroshi Katoh, Shoichiro Ishihara, Hiroshi Nawashiro, Kojiro Wada and Katsuji Shima
Hitoshi Fukuda, Hitoshi Ninomiya, Yusuke Ueba, Tsuyoshi Ohta, Toshiaki Kaneko, Tomohito Kadota, Fumihiro Hamada, Naoki Fukui, Motonobu Nonaka, Yuya Watari, Shota Nishimoto, Maki Fukuda, Satoru Hayashi, Tomohiko Izumidani, Hiroyuki Nishimura, Akihito Moriki, Benjamin Lo and Tetsuya Ueba
Several environmental factors have been reported to correlate with incidence of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, because of different patient selection and study designs among these studies, meteorological factors that trigger the incidence of SAH in a short hazard period remain unknown. Among meteorological factors, daily temperature changes may disrupt and violate homeostasis and predispose to cerebrovascular circulatory disturbances and strokes. The authors aimed to investigate whether a decline in the temperature from the highest of the previous day to the lowest of the event day (temperature decline from the previous day [TDP]) triggers SAH in the prefecture-wide stroke database.
All 28 participating institutions with primary or comprehensive stroke centers located throughout Kochi Prefecture, Japan, were included in the study. Data collected between January 2012 and December 2016 were analyzed, and 715 consecutive SAH patients with a defined date of onset were enrolled. Meteorological data in this period were obtained from the Kochi Local Meteorological Observatory. A case-crossover study was performed to investigate association of TDP and other environmental factors with onset of SAH.
The increasing TDP in 1°C on the day of the SAH event was associated with an increased incidence of SAH (OR 1.041, 95% CI 1.007–1.077) after adjustment for other environmental factors. According to the stratified analysis, a significant association between TDP and SAH was observed in women, patients < 65 years old, and patients with weekday onset. Among these factors, increasing TDP had a great impact on SAH onset in patients < 65 years old (p = 0.028, Mann-Whitney U-test).
TDP, temperature decline from the highest of the previous day to the lowest of the day, was correlated with the incidence of spontaneous SAH, particularly in younger patients < 65 years old.