Object. Functional hemispherectomy, itself a modification of anatomical hemispherectomy, has been further modified to a less invasive method (hemispherotomy), in which cortical resection is minimized and the rest of the affected hemisphere is functionally isolated by transecting its projection and commissural fibers. Although descriptions of three different types of hemispherotomy procedures have been published, the authors believe that it is important to develop a common and universally acceptable method based on a systematic analysis of topographic anatomy and neuronal connections. To this end, they have analyzed the three aforementioned procedures on the basis of meticulous fiber dissections in previously frozen formalin-fixed human brains.
Methods. The brain anatomy pertinent to surgical hemispherotomy is described in conjunction with dissection studies in 14 previously frozen, formalin-fixed human brains. The anatomical landmarks necessary for performing particular neuronal fiber resections are identified, and their relationships with operative methods are discussed, with an emphasis on commonalities among the three hemispherotomy procedures.
Conclusions. In this analysis the authors confirmed that hemispherotomy typically consists of four common procedures: 1) interruption of the internal capsule and corona radiata; 2) resection of the medial temporal structures; 3) transventricular corpus callosotomy; and 4) disruption of the frontal horizontal fibers. After meticulous dissection of cadavers, the authors have designated a reliable method for performing these four operations that may be applicable as a commonly used procedure.