✓ The authors present a newly designed device for ultrasonic guidance of neuroendoscopic procedures. It consists of a puncture adapter that attaches to a rigid endoscope having an outer diameter of 6 mm and is mounted on a small, bayonet-shaped ultrasound probe. This adapter directs the movement of the endoscope precisely within the ultrasonic field of view. The targeted region is identified by transdural insonation via an enlarged single burr-hole approach, and the endoscope is tracked in real time throughout its approach to the target. The procedure has been performed in 10 patients: endoscopic ventriculocystostomy in four cases; removal of a colloid cyst of the third ventricle in two cases; and intraventricular tumor biopsy, intraventricular tumor resection, third ventriculostomy, and removal of an intraventricular hematoma in one case each. The endoscope was depicted on ultrasonograms as a hyperechoic line without disturbing echoes and, consequently, the target (cyst, ventricle, or tumor) was safely identified in all but one case, in which intraventricular air hid a colloid cyst in the foramen of Monro.
The method presented by the authors proved to be very effective in the guidance and control of neuroendoscopic procedures. Combining this method with image guidance is recommended to define the entry point of the endoscope precisely.